With the emergence of new technologies, there has been an explosion of basic and clinical research on the affective and cognitive neuroscience of face processing and emotion perception. Adult emotional face stimuli are commonly used in these studies. For developmental research, there is a need for a validated set of child emotional faces.
The National Institute of Mental Health Child Emotional Faces Picture Set (NIMH-ChEFS) is a relatively large stimulus set with high quality, color images of the emotional faces of children. The set includes 482 photographs of fearful, angry, happy, sad and neutral child faces with two gaze conditions: direct and averted gaze.
In this paper, we describe the development of the NIMH-ChEFS and data on the set’s validity based on ratings by 20 healthy adult raters. Agreement between the a priori emotion designation and the raters’ labels was high and comparable with values reported for commonly used adult picture sets. Intensity, representativeness, and composite “goodness” ratings are also presented to guide researchers in their choice of specific stimuli for their studies.
These data should give researchers confidence in the NIMH-ChEFS’s validity for use in affective and social neuroscience research.
Download the picture sets below:
- Afraid Averted
- Afraid Direct
- Angry Averted
- Angry Direct
- Happy Averted
- Happy Direct
- Neutral Averted
- Neutral Direct
- Sad Averted
- Sad Direct
See our other Instruments
- Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ)
- Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA)
- Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment (PAPA)
- Young Adult Psychiatric Assessment (YAPA)
- Child and Adolescent Impact Assessment (CAIA)
- Child and Adolescent Services Assessment (CASA)
Please contact Brian Small at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions.