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Brain Stimulation Research Center

Brain Stimulation EquipmentThe Brain Stimulation Research Center (BSRC) is a shared resource in the Duke University School of Medicine that provides equipment and technical services to carry out noninvasive neuromodulatory research studies using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tDCS and tACS). The BSRC also provides training and certification of users so that they can operate our equipment, and we host a quarterly research working group were members of the Duke, UNC, Wake Forest and surrounding community can share ideas and discuss research.


State-of-the-art neurostimulation, electrophysiological, neuronavigation and targeting technology includes:

Magnetic Stimulation

  • Stimulation Equipment DemoThree Magventure stimulators: a MagPro X100 with MagOption, and two MagPro R30 MR-compatible systems; associated coils including a B70, a Cool-B65, two Cool-B65 A/P for that provides both active and electrical sham stimulation, and an MRI-compatible B91 Air cooled coil for TMS-fMRI studies.

  • One MagStim stimulator: Rapid2 associated active and sham coils 

Electrical Stimulation

  • Solterix 1x1 CT tDCS stimulator
  • Two Halo Neuroscience Headsets


  • Two 64-channel Brain Products Acti64Champ systems, configured with Arduino communication for simultaneous TMS-EEG studies.
  • One 128-channel TMS-Compatible Brain Products DC BrainAmp system


  • Three Brainsight Stereotactic Neuronavigation Systems
  • Advanced NeuroTechnologies Adept ViperS850 robotic arm 

TMS Training and Clinical Research Workshops

TMS Training

The BSSC offers a 10-session certification program in transcranial magnetic stimulation. This program includes instruction on motor threshold procedures and the use of all related equipment as well as a seizure training to learn how to react to any adverse event. Over the course of these sessions, participants learn to successfully identify the hotspot over the motor cortex which elicits a response in the First Dorsal Interosseous (FDI) muscle and define the motor threshold relative to this spot. This training includes the use of TMS stimulators and coils, Brainsight neuronavigation systems, EMG recording systems and the robotic arm. Upon completion of this training program individuals are awarded a certificate allowing for unsupervised access and use of the BSRC facilities and equipment.

TMS Clinical Research Workshop

The BSRC holds a quarterly research working group meeting that aims to increasing knowledge of state-of-the-art TMS procedures. This working group is attended by members of the surrounding community including attendees from Duke, UNC and Wake Forest who discuss new papers and ideas for new projects, present research and getting feedbacks on new and existing projects.


Through close collaboration with the Brain Imaging and Analysis Center (BIAC) researchers can efficiently use information from their neuroimaging protocols (fMRI, MRI and DTI) towards the implementation of advanced TMS and tDCS targeting. In addition to facilitating brain stimulation research studies, BSRC participates in the quarterly TMS CME Fellowship offered through the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.

Facility Use

Researchers can apply to use the center talk about collaborations for funding proposals by contacting Dr. Andrada Neacsiu at


The Brain Stimulation Research Center was formerly led by Dr. Greg Appelbaum, now an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Contact Information

Please contact Ellie Wood at (919) 684-5939 for further information.

Facility Hours

The facility is staffed Monday-Friday, 8:00 am-5:00 pm. The Brain Stimulation Service Center is located at:

Duke University Hospital,
Rooms 54209-12, 54236, 54237
South Building, 5th Floor of the Red Zone
40 Duke Medicine Circle
Durham, NC 27710