Brain Stimulation Service Center

The Brain Stimulation Service Center (BSSC) is a core research facility in the Duke University School of Medicine that provides equipment and technical services to cary out noninvasive neuromodulatory research studies using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tDCS and tACS).  State-of-the-art neurostimulation, electrophysiological, and targeting technology includes:

Magnetic Stimulation

  • MagVenture MagPro X100 and R30 TMS stimulators and associated coils including B65, B70, and A/P for both active and electrical sham stimulation
  • MagStim Rapid2 TMS stimulator and associated active and sham coils 
  • MR-compatible stimulation equipment including MagPro R30 stimulator and MRi-B91 Air Cooled Coil

Electrical Stimulation

  • Solterix 1x1 CT tDCS stimulator
  • Halo Neuroscience Headsets


  • TMS-Compatible Brain Products DC BrainAmp with 64-channels
  • Electrical Geodesics International Hydrogel Netstation EEG with 64-channels


  • Brainsight Stereotactic Neuronavigation Systems (2)
  • Advanced NeuroTechnologies Adept ViperS850 robotic arm 

The BSSC also offers a training program in transcranial magnetic stimulation. This 10-session program includes instruction on motor threshold procedures, TMS safety guidelines and procedures, and the use of all related equipment. Over the course of these sessions, participants learn to successfully identify the hotspot over the motor cortex which elicits a response in the First Dorsal Interosseous (FDI) muscle and define the motor threshold relative to this spot. This training includes the use of TMS stimulators and coils, Brainsight neuronavigation systems, EMG recording systems, and the robotic arm. 

Through close collaboration with the Brain Imaging and Analysis Center (BIAC) researchers can efficiently use information from their neuroimaging protocols (fMRI, MRI and DTI) towards the implementation of advanced TMS and tDCS targeting. In addition to facilitating brain stimulation research studies, BSSC participates in the quarterly TMS CME Fellowship offered through the Brain Stimulation and Neurophysiology Division of the Department of Psychiatry

Researchers can apply to use the center and can apply for pilot time by contacting Greg Appelbaum:

Faculty and Staff

Greg Appelbaum, PhD
Simon Davis, PhD
Lysianne Beynel, PhD
Susan Hilbig
Courtney Crowell
Hannah Palmer
Alex Brito

Contact Information

Please contact study coordinators and technicians Susan Hilbig (919) 684-5939 or Alex Brito (919) 668-1321 for further information.

Facility Hours

The facility is staffed Monday-Friday, 8:00 am-5:00 pm.

The Brain Stimulation Service Center is located at:

Duke University Hospital,
Rooms 54211, 54237, 54236
South Building, 5th Floor of the Red Zone. 
40 Duke Medicine Circle
Durham, NC 27710