Box 3071 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710
Brightleaf Sq Ste 23A, 905 W Main St, Durham, NC 27701
Jeffrey Swanson is Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. He earned a PhD in sociology from Yale University and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in mental health services research at Duke and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Dr. Swanson is the author or coauthor of over 200 publications focused on the epidemiology of violence and serious mental illnesses; effectiveness of community-based interventions and services for adults with schizophrenia and other serious psychiatric disorders; laws and policies to reduce firearms violence; involuntary outpatient commitment; and psychiatric advance directives. He received the 2011 Carl Taube Award from the American Public Health Association and the 2010 Eugene C. Hargrove, MD Award from the North Carolina Psychiatric Foundation, both for outstanding career contributions to mental health research. He was awarded a NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grant from the Brain and Behavior Foundation in 2013, and an Independent Research Scientist Career Award from the National Institute of Mental Health in 2004. Dr. Swanson is currently Co-Director of the NIMH-funded UNC-Chapel Hill/Duke Postdoctoral Training Program in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and Systems Research. He is principal investigator of a multi-state study on firearms laws, mental illness and prevention of violence, co-sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Program on Public Health Law Research (PHLR), and the Brain and Behavior Foundation. He is a key consultant and member of the PHLR program's Methods Core. He was a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment. Dr. Swanson has served as a consultant to policymakers at the state and national levels, health care institutions, foundations, corporate research and legal firms.
Redirecting the Mental Health and Gun Violence Conversation From Mass Shootings to Suicide.
Informing Federal Policy on Firearm Restrictions for Veterans with Fiduciaries: Risk Indicators in the Post-Deployment Mental Health Study.
The Link Between Mental Illness and Being Subjected to Crime in Denmark vs the United States: How Much Do Poverty and the Safety Net Matter?
Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness and Criminal Justice Involvement: Effects on Treatment Utilization and Outcomes.
Associations between pharmacotherapy for opioid dependence and clinical and criminal justice outcomes among adults with co-occurring serious mental illness.
Randomised controlled trials and outpatient commitment.
Prohibition of Persons With Mental Illness From Gun Ownership Under Tyler.
Alternative Perspectives on Police Encounters and Psychotic Experiences [Invited Commentary on DeVylder et al, "Psychotic Experiences in the Context of Police Victimization"].
Facilitation of Psychiatric Advance Directives by Peers and Clinicians on Assertive Community Treatment Teams.
Involuntary Outpatient Commitment and the Elusive Pursuit of Violence Prevention.
Implementation and effectiveness of connecticut's risk-based gun removal law: Does it prevent suicides?Read Full Text
Mental Illness, Release From Prison, and Social Context.
A Randomized Clinical Trial of a Money Management Intervention for Veterans With Psychiatric Disabilities.
On Thoughts, Threats, and Throwing the Spear.
Gun Violence, Mental Illness, And Laws That Prohibit Gun Possession: Evidence From Two Florida Counties.
In replyRead Full Text
State Laws on Emergency Holds for Mental Health Stabilization.
Firearm Access and Risk of Suicide--Reply.
Getting Serious About Reducing Suicide: More "How" and Less "Why".
Consideration of all evidence about community treatment orders.
Influence of Criminal Justice Involvement and Psychiatric Diagnoses on Treatment Costs Among Adults With Serious Mental Illness.
Guns, Impulsive Angry Behavior, and Mental Disorders: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R).
Guns, Mental Illness, and the Law: Introduction to This Issue.
Mental illness and reduction of gun violence and suicide: bringing epidemiologic research to policy.
Mental illness and reduction of gun violence and suicide: Bringing epidemiologic research to policyRead Full Text
Using research evidence to reframe the policy debate around mental illness and guns: process and recommendations.
Treatment participation and medication adherence: effects on criminal justice costs of persons with mental illness.
Patterns of justice involvement among adults with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: key risk factors.
Why the evidence for outpatient commitment is good enough.
Coercion and compulsion in mental healthcare-an international perspective.
Response to Burns.
The cost of assisted outpatient treatment: can it save states money?
Critical opportunities for public health law: a call for action.
Erratum: The Cost of Assisted Outpatient Treatment: Can It Save States Money? (American Journal of Psychiatry)Read Full Text
Adverse impact of coercive treatments on psychiatric inpatients' satisfaction with care.
Costs of criminal justice involvement among persons with serious mental illness in connecticut.
A survey of stakeholder knowledge, experience, and opinions of advance directives for mental health in Virginia.
Preventing gun violence involving people with serious mental illnessRead Full Text
Economic grand rounds: Can states implement involuntary outpatient commitment within existing state budgets?
Mental illness and new gun law reforms: The promise and peril of crisis-driven policy
A survey of stakeholder knowledge, experience, and opinions of advance directives for mental health in VirginiaRead Full Text
Adverse impact of coercive treatments on psychiatric inpatients' satisfaction with careRead Full Text
Erratum: The cost of assisted outpatient treatment: Can it save states money? (American Journal of Psychiatry (2013))Read Full Text
Mental illness and gun control
Explaining rare acts of violence: the limits of evidence from population research.
Picturing Public Health Law Research: Using Causal Diagrams to Model and Test TheoryRead Full Text
Mental illness and firearm violence.
Monograph: 'Police Interventions with Persons Affected by Mental Illnesses'Read Full Text
Suicidality and acculturation in hispanic adolescentsRead Full Text
Legislating social policy: Mental illness, the community, and the lawRead Full Text
A conceptually based scale to measure consumers' treatment motivationRead Full Text
Mental Illness, Law, and a Public Health Law Research AgendaRead Full Text
Reductions in arrest under assisted outpatient treatment in New York.
Assisted outpatient treatment in New York: regional differences in New York's assisted outpatient treatment program.
Continuing medication and hospitalization outcomes after assisted outpatient treatment in New York.
Robbing Peter to pay Paul: did New York State's outpatient commitment program crowd out voluntary service recipients?
Changes in guideline-recommended medication possession after implementing Kendra's law in New York.
Assessing outcomes for consumers in New York's assisted outpatient treatment program.
Violent behavior in mental illness: the role of substance abuse.
Law & psychiatry: Gun laws and mental illness: how sensible are the current restrictions?
What would Mary Douglas do? A commentary on Kahan et al., "Cultural cognition and public policy: the case of outpatient commitment laws".
Making the case for laws that improve health: a framework for public health law research.
Medication preferences and adherence among individuals with severe mental illness and psychiatric advance directives.
Psychiatric advance directives and social workers: an integrative review.
Violence in schizophrenia: Prevalence, correlates, and treatment effectivenessRead Full Text
Preferences for psychiatric advance directives among Latinos: views on advance care planning for mental health.
Autonomy and the use of directive intervention in the treatment of individuals with serious mental illnesses: A survey of social work practitionersRead Full Text
Racial disparities in involuntary outpatient commitment: are they real?
Reducing barriers to completing psychiatric advance directives.
Lawyers at Mid-Career: A 20-Year Longitudinal Study of Job and Life SatisfactionRead Full Text
Comparison of antipsychotic medication effects on reducing violence in people with schizophrenia.
A clinical trial comparing interviewer and computer-assisted assessment among clients with severe mental illness.
Alternative pathways to violence in persons with schizophrenia: the role of childhood antisocial behavior problems.
Social workers' familiarity with psychiatric advance directives: Implications for education, practice, and researchRead Full Text
The effectiveness of antipsychotic medications in patients who use or avoid illicit substances: results from the CATIE study.
Caregivers as money managers for adults with severe mental illness: how treatment providers can help.
Preventing the unpredicted: managing violence risk in mental health care.
Assessing risk of violent behavior among veterans with severe mental illness.
Front line workers' attitudes towards psychiatric advance directives.
A typology of advance statements in mental health care.
Psychiatric advance directives and reduction of coercive crisis interventions.
Characteristics of representative payeeship involving families of beneficiaries with psychiatric disabilities.
EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENTING PSYCHIATRIC ADVANCE DIRECTIVES TO PROMOTE SELF-DETERMINATION OF TREATMENT AMONG PEOPLE WITH MENTAL ILLNESS.
Authors' reply Read Full Text
Effect of patients' reasons for refusing treatment on implementing psychiatric advance directives.
Commentary: psychiatric advance directives and recovery-oriented care.
Effectiveness of atypical antipsychotics for substance use in schizophrenia patients.
Healthcare barriers among severely mentally ill homeless adults: evidence from the five-site health and risk study.
Competence to complete psychiatric advance directives: effects of facilitated decision making.
Re: Community treatment orders for psychiatric patients: the emperor with no clothes.
The impact of perceived need for treatment on risk of arrest and violence among people with severe mental illnessRead Full Text
Overriding psychiatric advance directives: factors associated with psychiatrists' decisions to preempt patients' advance refusal of hospitalization and medication.
Dr. Swanson and colleagues reply Read Full Text
Understanding the personal and clinical utility of psychiatric advance directives: a qualitative perspective.
Psychiatric advance directives: a tool for consumer empowerment and recovery.
The relationship between mandated community treatment and perceived barriers to care in persons with severe mental illness.
Facilitated psychiatric advance directives: a randomized trial of an intervention to foster advance treatment planning among persons with severe mental illness.
Treatment engagement and violence risk in mental disorders.
Violence and leveraged community treatment for persons with mental disorders.
Substance use and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia among new enrollees in the NIMH CATIE study.
Clinicians' attitudes regarding barriers to the implementation of psychiatric advance directives.
A national study of violent behavior in persons with schizophrenia.
Clinical decision making and views about psychiatric advance directives.
Use of outpatient commitment or related civil court treatment orders in five U.S. communities.
Medication adherence and long-term functional outcomes in the treatment of schizophrenia in usual care.
Substance use in persons with schizophrenia: baseline prevalence and correlates from the NIMH CATIE study.
Time to discontinuation of atypical versus typical antipsychotics in the naturalistic treatment of schizophrenia.
Patient preferences for psychiatric advance directivesRead Full Text
Psychiatric advance directives among public mental health consumers in five U.S. cities: prevalence, demand, and correlates.
Superseding psychiatric advance directives: ethical and legal considerations.
Physicians' legal defensiveness in end-of-life treatment decisions: comparing attitudes and knowledge in states with different laws.
Use of the criminal justice system to leverage mental health treatment: effects on treatment adherence and satisfaction.
Medication nonadherence and substance abuse in psychotic disorders: impact of depressive symptoms and social stability.
Family representative payeeship and violence risk in severe mental illness.
Cost-sharing requirements and access to mental health care among medicare enrollees with schizophrenia.
The effects of race and criminal justice involvement on access to atypical antipsychotic medications among persons with schizophrenia.
Prevalence and outcomes of ADA employment discrimination claims in the federal courts.
Perceived fairness and effectiveness of leveraged community treatment among public mental health consumers in five U.S. citiesRead Full Text
Psychiatrists’ views and attitudes about psychiatric advance directivesRead Full Text
Previous involuntary commitment is associated with current perceptions of coercion in voluntarily hospitalized patientsRead Full Text
Use of leverage to improve adherence to psychiatric treatment in the community.
Consumer views of representative payee use of disability funds to leverage treatment adherence.
A comparison of stigmatizing attitudes toward persons with schizophrenia in four stakeholder groups: perceived likelihood of violence and desire for social distance.
Psychiatric advance directives: Practical, legal, and ethical issuesRead Full Text
Reducing violence risk in persons with schizophrenia: olanzapine versus risperidone.
Involuntary outpatient commitment, community treatment orders, and assisted outpatient treatment: what's in the data?
Caregiving for persons with mental illness: the impact of outpatient commitment on caregiving strain.
Consumers' perceptions of the fairness and effectiveness of mandated community treatment and related pressures.
Treating chronic and severe mental disorders - A handbook of empirically supported interventionsRead Full Text
Effectiveness of atypical antipsychotic medications in reducing violent behavior among persons with schizophrenia in community-based treatment.
Effects of legal mechanisms on perceived coercion and treatment adherence among persons with severe mental illness.
Anxiolytic effects of acute morphine can be modulated by nitric oxide systems.
Characteristics of third-party money management for persons with psychiatric disabilities.
The five-site health and risk study of blood-borne infections among persons with severe mental illness.
Detection of illicit substance use among persons with schizophrenia by radioimmunoassay of hair.
Regular sources of medical care among persons with severe mental illness at risk of hepatitis C infection.
Assessment of four stakeholder groups' preferences concerning outpatient commitment for persons with schizophrenia.
Gender differences in hepatitis C infection and risks among persons with severe mental illness.
Effects of race and poverty on the process and outcome of inpatient rehabilitation services among stroke patients.
Endorsement of personal benefit of outpatient commitment among persons with severe mental illness.
Involuntary outpatient commitment and homelessness in persons with severe mental illness.
Does involuntary outpatient commitment lead to more intensive treatment?
Psychiatric disability, the use of financial leverage, and perceived coercion in mental health servicesRead Full Text
Psychiatric advance directives: A survey of persons with schizophrenia, family members, and treatment providersRead Full Text
Does fear of coercion keep people away from mental health treatment? Evidence from a survey of persons with schizophrenia and mental health professionals.
Effects of involuntary outpatient commitment on subjective quality of life in persons with severe mental illness.
Neighborhood structural characteristics and mental disorder: Faris and Dunham revisited.
The social-environmental context of violent behavior in persons treated for severe mental illness.
Erratum: Victimization: A link between mental illness and violence? (International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (2001) 24 (559-572) PII: S0160252701000917)Read Full Text
Mediation of employment discrimination disputes involving persons with psychiatric disabilities.
Impact of outpatient commitment on victimization of people with severe mental illness.
The perceived coerciveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: findings from an experimental study.
Coercion in mental Health careRead Full Text
Victimization: a link between mental illness and violence?
Recent victimization in women and men with severe mental illness: prevalence and correlates.
Effects of involuntary outpatient commitment and depot antipsychotics on treatment adherence in persons with severe mental illness.
Consumer, provider, and informal caregiver opinions on psychiatric advance directives.
Effect of race and poverty on the process and outcome of inpatient rehabilitation among stroke patients.Read Full Text
Effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment.
A randomized controlled trial of outpatient commitment in North Carolina.
Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce arrests among persons with severe mental illness?Read Full Text
Unfunded Mandate: An Empirical Study of the Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act by the Equal Employment Opportunity CommissionRead Full Text
Race, role responsibility, and relationship: understanding the experience of caring for the severely mentally illRead Full Text
Reliability and validity of the SF-12 health survey among people with severe mental illness.
Involuntary out-patient commitment and reduction of violent behaviour in persons with severe mental illness.
Psychiatric advance directives: an alternative to coercive treatment?
Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce hospital recidivism?: Findings from a randomized trial with severely mentally ill individuals.
Consumer perceptions of involuntary outpatient commitment.
Violent behavior preceding hospitalization among persons with severe mental illness.
Physicians' legal defensiveness and knowledge of medical law: comparing Denmark and the USA.
Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness.
Measuring coercion under involuntary outpatient commitment: Initial findings from a randomized controlled trial.Read Full Text
Medication compliance  (multiple letters)
Psychiatric impairment, social contact, and violent behavior: evidence from a study of outpatient-committed persons with severe mental disorder.
Risk reconsidered: targets of violence in the social networks of people with serious psychiatric disorders.
Taking the wrong drugs: the role of substance abuse and medication noncompliance in violence among severely mentally ill individuals.
Male-female differences in the setting and construction of violence among people with severe mental illness.
I. Comparing use of public and private mental health services: The enduring barriers of race and ageRead Full Text
Administrative update: utilization of services. I. Comparing use of public and private mental health services: the enduring barriers of race and age.
Violence and severe mental illness: the effects of substance abuse and nonadherence to medication.
Substance abuse, violent behavior, and police encounters among persons with severe mental disorderRead Full Text
The ethical challenges of a randomized controlled trial of involuntary outpatient commitmentRead Full Text
Violence and severe mental disorder in clinical and community populations: the effects of psychotic symptoms, comorbidity, and lack of treatment.
Interpreting the effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: a conceptual model.
Patient perceptions of coercion in mental hospital admission.
The ethical challenges of a randomized controlled trial of involuntary outpatient commitment.
Psychotic symptoms and disorders and the risk of violent behaviour in the communityRead Full Text
Psychotic symptoms and disorders and the risk of violent behaviour in the communityRead Full Text
Assessing and managing voilence risk in clinical practiceRead Full Text
Medical futility decisions and physicians' legal defensiveness: the impact of anticipated conflict on thresholds for end-of-life treatment.
North Carolina hospitals' policies on medical futility.
New directions in research on involuntary outpatient commitment.
Physicians' quantitative assessments of medical futility.
Doing all they can: physicians who deny medical futility.
Hispanic Americans and the state mental hospitals in Texas: ethnic parity as a latent function of a fiscal incentive policy.
Demographic and diagnostic characteristics of inmates receiving mental health services in state adult correctional facilities: United States, 1988.
Funding, expenditures, and staffing of mental health services in state adult correctional facilities: United States, 1988.
Overview of mental health services provided by state adult correctional facilities: United States, 1988.
Treatment decisions for terminally ill patients: physicians' legal defensiveness and knowledge of medical law.Read Full Text
A binational school survey of depressive symptoms, drug use, and suicidal ideation.
Cultural context and substance abuse in Hispanic adolescentsRead Full Text
Treatment decisions for terminally ill patients: physicians' legal defensiveness and knowledge of medical law.
Violence and ECA data.
Violence and psychiatric disorder in the community: evidence from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area surveys.
Psychopathology and economic status in mother-only and mother-father families.
Justice Disparities: Does the ADA Enforcement System Treat People with Psychiatric Disabilities Fairly?Read Full Text
Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce hospital recidivism?: findings from a randomized trial with severely mentally ill individualsRead Full Text
Involuntary outpatient commitment and reduction of violent behavior in persons with severe mental illnessRead Full Text
The effects of early sexual abuse on adult risky sexual behaviors among persons with severe mental illness.