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Jeffrey W. Swanson, MA, PhD

Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Division: 
Social and Community Psychiatry
Category: 
Office: Brightleaf Sq Ste 23A, 905 W Main St, Durham, NC 27701
Campus Mail: DUMC Box 3071 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710

Jeffrey Swanson is Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. He is a faculty affiliate of the Wilson Center for Science and Justice at Duke Law School, the Center for Firearms Law at Duke Law School, and the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke Sanford School of Public Policy. Swanson holds a PhD in sociology from Yale University. He is a social scientist researcher who collaborates across disciplines to build evidence for interventions, policies and laws to improve outcomes for adults with serious mental illnesses in the community, and to reduce firearm-related violence and suicide. He is an author of over 240 publications on subjects including the social environmental context of violence in mental illness, implementation of state firearm restrictions related to mental health adjudications, effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment, and psychiatric advance directives. Swanson lead the research group that published the first empirical evaluations of risk-based, temporary firearm removal laws in Indiana and Connecticut, precursors to Extreme Risk Protection Order laws that were later adopted in many states. He received the 2020 Isaac Ray Award from the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law for outstanding contributions to the psychiatric aspects of jurisprudence. He received the 2011 Carl Taube Award from the American Public Health Association for outstanding contributions to mental health services research. Swanson serves on the Executive Steering Committee of the Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy. He previously served as a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment and the Methods Core of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Public Health Research Program. He has delivered numerous endowed lectures including the P. Browning Hoffman Memorial Lecture in Law and Psychiatry at the University of Virginia School of Law; the Raymond W. Waggoner Lecture on Ethics and Values in Medicine at the University of Michigan; the Paul Mendelsohn, MD, Memorial Lecture in Psychiatry and the Law at the Tufts School of Medicine; the Sherwood B. Winslow, MD, Distinguished Lecture at the Battle Creek Foundation in Battle Creek, Michigan; and the L. Douglas Lenkoski, MD, Lecture in Community Psychiatry at Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Swanson frequently comments on gun violence in the national media and serves as a consultant to policymakers at the federal and state levels.

Education and Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University, 1985
  • M.A., Yale University, 1980

In the News

Selected Grants

Publications

Swanson, Jeffrey. “Mental illness and new gun law reforms: the promise and peril of crisis-driven policy.” Jama 309, no. 12 (March 27, 2013): 1233–34. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2013.1113.

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Swartz, Marvin S., and Jeffrey W. Swanson. “Economic grand rounds: Can states implement involuntary outpatient commitment within existing state budgets?” Psychiatr Serv 64, no. 1 (January 2013): 7–9. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201200467.

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Swanson, J. W., A. G. Robertson, L. K. Frisman, M. A. Norko, H. J. Lin, M. S. Swartz, and P. J. Cook. “Preventing gun violence involving people with serious mental illness.” In Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, 9781421411118:33–51, 2013.

Scholars@Duke

Swanson, Jeffrey W. “Explaining rare acts of violence: the limits of evidence from population research.” Psychiatr Serv 62, no. 11 (November 2011): 1369–71. https://doi.org/10.1176/ps.62.11.pss6211_1369.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W., and Jennifer Ibrahim. “Picturing Public Health Law Research: Using Causal Diagrams to Model and Test Theory,” October 27, 2011.

Scholars@Duke

Swanson, Jeffrey, and Allison R. Gilbert. “Mental illness and firearm violence.” Jama 306, no. 9 (September 7, 2011): 930–31. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2011.1260.

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Wood, Jennifer, Jeffrey W. Swanson, Scott Burris, and Allison G. Robertson. “Monograph: 'Police Interventions with Persons Affected by Mental Illnesses',” March 9, 2011.

Scholars@Duke

Ferron, J. C., E. B. Elbogen, J. W. Swanson, M. S. Swartz, and G. J. McHugo. “A conceptually based scale to measure consumers' treatment motivation.” Research on Social Work Practice 21, no. 1 (January 1, 2011): 98–105. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731509357629.

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Petrila, J., and J. Swanson. “Legislating social policy: Mental illness, the community, and the law,” January 1, 2011, 139–60. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203818619.

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Pumariega, A. J., E. M. Rothe, J. Swanson, C. E. Holzer, A. O. Linskey, and R. Quintero-Salinas. “Suicidality and acculturation in hispanic adolescents,” January 1, 2011, 57–70.

Scholars@Duke

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