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Jeffrey W. Swanson, MA, PhD

Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Division: 
Social and Community Psychiatry
Category: 
Office: Brightleaf Sq Ste 23A, 905 W Main St, Durham, NC 27701
Campus Mail: DUMC Box 3071 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710

Jeffrey Swanson is Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. He is a faculty affiliate of the Wilson Center for Science and Justice at Duke Law School, the Center for Firearms Law at Duke Law School, and the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke Sanford School of Public Policy. Swanson holds a PhD in sociology from Yale University. He is a social scientist researcher who collaborates across disciplines to build evidence for interventions, policies and laws to improve outcomes for adults with serious mental illnesses in the community, and to reduce firearm-related violence and suicide. He is an author of over 240 publications on subjects including the social environmental context of violence in mental illness, implementation of state firearm restrictions related to mental health adjudications, effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment, and psychiatric advance directives. Swanson lead the research group that published the first empirical evaluations of risk-based, temporary firearm removal laws in Indiana and Connecticut, precursors to Extreme Risk Protection Order laws that were later adopted in many states. He received the 2020 Isaac Ray Award from the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law for outstanding contributions to the psychiatric aspects of jurisprudence. He received the 2011 Carl Taube Award from the American Public Health Association for outstanding contributions to mental health services research. Swanson serves on the Executive Steering Committee of the Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy. He previously served as a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment and the Methods Core of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Public Health Research Program. He has delivered numerous endowed lectures including the P. Browning Hoffman Memorial Lecture in Law and Psychiatry at the University of Virginia School of Law; the Raymond W. Waggoner Lecture on Ethics and Values in Medicine at the University of Michigan; the Paul Mendelsohn, MD, Memorial Lecture in Psychiatry and the Law at the Tufts School of Medicine; the Sherwood B. Winslow, MD, Distinguished Lecture at the Battle Creek Foundation in Battle Creek, Michigan; and the L. Douglas Lenkoski, MD, Lecture in Community Psychiatry at Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Swanson frequently comments on gun violence in the national media and serves as a consultant to policymakers at the federal and state levels.

Education and Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University, 1985
  • M.A., Yale University, 1980

In the News

Selected Grants

Publications

Keyes, Katherine M., Ava Hamilton, Jeffrey Swanson, Melissa Tracy, and Magdalena Cerdá. “Simulating the Suicide Prevention Effects of Firearms Restrictions Based on Psychiatric Hospitalization and Treatment Records: Social Benefits and Unintended Adverse Consequences.” Am J Public Health 109, no. S3 (June 2019): S236–43. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305041.

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Monahan, J., and J. Swanson. “Lawyers at the Peak of Their Careers: A 30-Year Longitudinal Study of Job and Life Satisfaction.” Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 16, no. 1 (March 1, 2019): 4–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12207.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W. “Redirecting the Mental Health and Gun Violence Conversation From Mass Shootings to Suicide.” Psychiatr Serv 69, no. 12 (December 1, 2018): 1198–99. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800365.

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Monahan, John, and Jeffrey W. Swanson. “Lawyers at the Peak of Their Careers: A 30-Year Longitudinal Study of Job and Life Satisfaction.” Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper, no. 2018 (October 1, 2018).

Scholars@Duke

Swanson, Jeffrey, Michele Easter, Mira Brancu, Mira VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Workgroup, and John A. Fairbank. “Informing Federal Policy on Firearm Restrictions for Veterans with Fiduciaries: Risk Indicators in the Post-Deployment Mental Health Study.” Adm Policy Ment Health 45, no. 4 (July 2018): 673–83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-018-0881-y.

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Robertson, Allison G., Michele M. Easter, HsiuJu Lin, Linda K. Frisman, Jeffrey W. Swanson, and Marvin S. Swartz. “Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness and Criminal Justice Involvement: Effects on Treatment Utilization and Outcomes.” Am J Psychiatry 175, no. 7 (July 1, 2018): 665–73. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17060688.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W., and Charles M. Belden. “The Link Between Mental Illness and Being Subjected to Crime in Denmark vs the United States: How Much Do Poverty and the Safety Net Matter?” Jama Psychiatry 75, no. 7 (July 1, 2018): 669–70. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0528.

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Robertson, Allison G., Michele M. Easter, Hsiu-Ju Lin, Linda K. Frisman, Jeffrey W. Swanson, and Marvin S. Swartz. “Associations between pharmacotherapy for opioid dependence and clinical and criminal justice outcomes among adults with co-occurring serious mental illness.” J Subst Abuse Treat 86 (March 2018): 17–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2017.12.003.

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Felthous, Alan R., and Jeffrey Swanson. “Prohibition of Persons With Mental Illness From Gun Ownership Under Tyler.” J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 45, no. 4 (December 2017): 478–84.

Scholars@Duke

Swartz, Marvin S., and Jeffrey W. Swanson. “Randomised controlled trials and outpatient commitment.” Lancet Psychiatry 4, no. 12 (December 2017): e30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30443-1.

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