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Jeffrey W. Swanson, MA, PhD

Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Division: 
Child & Family Mental Health & Community Psychiatry
Category: 
Office: Brightleaf Sq Ste 23A, 905 W Main St, Durham, NC 27701
Campus Mail: DUMC Box 3071 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710

Jeffrey Swanson is Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. He is a faculty affiliate of the Wilson Center for Science and Justice at Duke Law School, the Center for Firearms Law at Duke Law School, and the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke Sanford School of Public Policy. Swanson holds a PhD in sociology from Yale University. He is a social scientist researcher who collaborates across disciplines to build evidence for interventions, policies and laws to improve outcomes for adults with serious mental illnesses in the community, and to reduce firearm-related violence and suicide. He is an author of over 240 publications on subjects including the social environmental context of violence in mental illness, implementation of state firearm restrictions related to mental health adjudications, effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment, and psychiatric advance directives. Swanson led the research group that published the first empirical evaluations of risk-based, temporary firearm removal laws in Indiana and Connecticut, precursors to Extreme Risk Protection Order laws that were later adopted in many states. He received the 2020 Isaac Ray Award from the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law for outstanding contributions to the psychiatric aspects of jurisprudence. He received the 2011 Carl Taube Award from the American Public Health Association for outstanding contributions to mental health services research. Swanson serves on the Executive Steering Committee of the Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy. He previously served as a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment and the Methods Core of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Public Health Research Program. He has delivered numerous endowed lectures including the P. Browning Hoffman Memorial Lecture in Law and Psychiatry at the University of Virginia School of Law and the Raymond W. Waggoner Lecture on Ethics and Values in Medicine at the University of Michigan.  Swanson frequently comments on gun violence in the national media and serves as a consultant to policymakers at the federal and state levels.

Education and Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University, 1985
  • M.A., Yale University, 1980

In the News

Selected Grants

Publications

Easter, Michele M., Jeffrey W. Swanson, Allison G. Robertson, Lorna L. Moser, and Marvin S. Swartz. “Impact of psychiatric advance directive facilitation on mental health consumers: empowerment, treatment attitudes and the role of peer support specialists.” J Ment Health 30, no. 5 (October 2021): 585–93. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2020.1714008.

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Swartz, Marvin S., Jeffrey W. Swanson, Michele M. Easter, and Allison G. Robertson. “Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives: The Transmitter and Receiver Problem and the Neglected Right to Be Deemed Incapable.” Psychiatr Serv 72, no. 2 (February 1, 2021): 219–21. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.202000659.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W. “Preventing Suicide Through Better Firearm Safety Policy in the United States.” Psychiatr Serv 72, no. 2 (February 1, 2021): 174–79. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.202000317.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W. “Introduction: Violence and Mental Illness.” Harv Rev Psychiatry 29, no. 1 (January 2021): 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1097/HRP.0000000000000281.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W., Paul S. Nestadt, Amy V. Barnhorst, and Shannon Frattaroli. “Risk-Based Temporary Firearm Removal Orders: A New Legal Tool for Clinicians.” Harv Rev Psychiatry 29, no. 1 (January 2021): 6–9. https://doi.org/10.1097/HRP.0000000000000278.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W., Guangyu Tong, Allison G. Robertson, and Marvin S. Swartz. “Gun-Related and Other Violent Crime After Involuntary Commitment and Short-Term Emergency Holds.” J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 48, no. 4 (December 2020): 454–67. https://doi.org/10.29158/JAAPL.200082-20.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W. “The color of risk protection orders: gun violence, gun laws, and racial justice.” Inj Epidemiol 7, no. 1 (August 10, 2020): 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-020-00272-z.

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Robertson, Allison G., Michele M. Easter, Hsiu-Ju Lin, Dalia Khoury, Joshua Pierce, Jeffrey Swanson, and Marvin Swartz. “Gender-specific participation and outcomes among jail diversion clients with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders.” J Subst Abuse Treat 115 (August 2020): 108035. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2020.108035.

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Swanson, Jeffrey W. “Understanding the Research on Extreme Risk Protection Orders: Varying Results, Same Message.” Psychiatr Serv 70, no. 10 (October 1, 2019): 953–54. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201900291.

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Buchanan, Alec, Kyaw Sint, Jeffrey Swanson, and Robert Rosenheck. “Correlates of Future Violence in People Being Treated for Schizophrenia.” Am J Psychiatry 176, no. 9 (September 1, 2019): 694–701. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2019.18080909.

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