Faculty

Marty Woldorff

Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Translational Neuroscience
School of Medicine

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

Psychology and Neuroscience
Trinity College of Arts & Sciences

Professor in Neurobiology

Neurobiology
School of Medicine

Member of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
Institutes and Provost's Academic Units

Faculty Network Member of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences

Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
Institutes and Provost's Academic Units

Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society

Duke Science & Society
Institutes and Provost's Academic Units

Affiliate of the Center for Brain Imaging and Analysis

Duke-UNC Center for Brain Imaging and Analysis
School of Medicine
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B243b LSRC, Ctr. for Cog. Neuroscience, Durham, NC 27708-0999

Box 90999, Ctr. for Cog. Neuroscience, Durham, NC 27708-0999

(919) 681-0604 woldorff@duke.edu

Dr. Woldorff's main research interest is in the cognitive neuroscience of attention. At each and every moment of our lives, we are bombarded by a welter of sensory information coming at us from a myriad of directions and through our various sensory modalities -- much more than we can fully process. We must continuously select and extract the most important information from this welter of sensory inputs. How the human brain accomplishes this is one of the core challenges of modern cognitive neuroscience. Dr. Woldorff uses a combination of electrophysiological (ERP, MEG) and functional neuroimaging (fMRI) methods to study the time course, functional neuroanatomy, and mechanisms of attentional processes. This multimethodological approach is directed along several main lines of research: (1) The influence of attention on sensory and perceptual processing; (2) Cognitive and attentional control mechanisms; (3) The role of attention in multisensory environments; (4) The interactive relationship between attention and reward; and (5) The role of attention in perceptual awareness.


Education & Training

B.A. 1978

University of California - Berkeley

Ph.D. 1989

University of California - San Diego

Grants

Neurobiology Training Program

National Institutes of Health

Elucidating mechanisms underlying fluctuations of sustained attention and their influence on memory

National Institutes of Health

Physical Resiliencies: Indicators and Mechanisms in the Elderly Collaborative (PRIME Collaborative)

National Institutes of Health

A Phase II Study of an ApoE mimetic peptide to reduce Postoperative Delirium, Cognitive Dysfunction after Non-Cardiac Surgery in Older Adults

Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation

Cortical tracking of speech-specific temporal structure in familiar vs. foreign

National Institutes of Health

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Memory Reactivation

National Institutes of Health

The Modulatory Role of Reward on Attentional Brain Processes

National Institutes of Health

Basic predoctoral training in neuroscience

National Institutes of Health

Path Toward MRI with Direct Sensitivity to Neuro-Electro-Magnetic Oscillations

National Institutes of Health

A Compute Cluster for Brain Imaging and Analysis

National Institutes of Health

Training in Fundamental &Translational Neuroscience

National Institutes of Health

Improving Math Ability via Primitive Number Sense Training

National Institutes of Health

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Cortical Neuronal Activity

National Institutes of Health

Studies of Attention Using Combined ERPs and fMRI

National Institutes of Health

Representation of Number in Infancy

National Institutes of Health

Precision Targeting of fMRI-Guided TMS Using a Robotic Arm System

National Institutes of Health

Multisensory Processing and Attention

National Science Foundation

Direct MRI of Neuroelectric Activity

National Science Foundation

A Linux Cluster Computational Facility for Neuroimaging Research

National Institutes of Health

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Emotional Memory Networks

National Institutes of Health

Neural Correlates of Global and Local Processing

National Institutes of Health

Brain Attention Mechanisms in Perception and Performance

Army Research Office
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Publications

Physical Salience and Value-Driven Salience Operate through Different Neural Mechanisms to Enhance Attentional Selection.

PMID 32471878
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Electroencephalography reveals a selective disruption of cognitive control processes in craving cigarette smokers.

PMID 31733083
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Neural Dynamics of Cognitive Control over Working Memory Capture of Attention.

PMID 30938591
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Toward direct MRI of neuro-electro-magnetic oscillations in the human brain.

PMID 30652351
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Numerical encoding in early visual cortex.

PMID 29983159
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The INTUIT Study: Investigating Neuroinflammation Underlying Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction.

PMID 30674067
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Shared and distinct neural circuitry for nonsymbolic and symbolic double-digit addition.

PMID 30548735
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A key role for stimulus-specific updating of the sensory cortices in the learning of stimulus-reward associations.

PMID 30576533
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Developmental trajectory of neural specialization for letter and number visual processing.

PMID 28681391
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Neural processes underlying the orienting of attention without awareness.

PMID 28826603
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EEG measures of brain activity reveal that smoking-related images capture the attention of smokers outside of awareness.

PMID 29427572
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Cortical and Subcortical Coordination of Visual Spatial Attention Revealed by Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Recording.

PMID 28698387
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Numerosity processing in early visual cortex.

PMID 28583882
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From hippocampus to whole-brain: The role of integrative processing in episodic memory retrieval.

PMID 28112460
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Neural cascade of conflict processing: Not just time-on-task.

PMID 28017818
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Intraoperative Frontal Alpha-Band Power Correlates with Preoperative Neurocognitive Function in Older Adults.

PMID 28533746
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An electrophysiological dissociation of craving and stimulus-dependent attentional capture in smokers.

PMID 27557883
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Visual search performance is predicted by both prestimulus and poststimulus electrical brain activity.

PMID 27901053
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An electrophysiological marker of the desire to quit in smokers.

PMID 27566681
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Reward-associated features capture attention in the absence of awareness: Evidence from object-substitution masking.

PMID 27153978
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The effects of ongoing distraction on the neural processes underlying signal detection.

PMID 27378439
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Strategic down-regulation of attentional resources as a mechanism of proactive response inhibition.

PMID 27306544
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Transient Distraction and Attentional Control during a Sustained Selective Attention Task.

PMID 26967946
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Altruistic traits are predicted by neural responses to monetary outcomes for self vs charity.

PMID 27030510
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The Rapid Capture of Attention by Rewarded Objects.

PMID 26741800
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The neural dynamics of stimulus and response conflict processing as a function of response complexity and task demands.

PMID 26827917
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Rapid and Direct Encoding of Numerosity in the Visual Stream.

PMID 25715283
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Orchestrating Proactive and Reactive Mechanisms for Filtering Distracting Information: Brain-Behavior Relationships Revealed by a Mixed-Design fMRI Study.

PMID 26791226
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Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance.

PMID 25139941
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The Temporal Cascade of Neural Processes Underlying Target Detection and Attentional Processing During Auditory Search.

PMID 24711486
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Rapid Context-based Identification of Target Sounds in an Auditory Scene.

PMID 25848684
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Improvement in visual search with practice: mapping learning-related changes in neurocognitive stages of processing.

PMID 25834059
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Reward-prospect interacts with trial-by-trial preparation for potential distraction.

PMID 26180506
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The effects of attention on the temporal integration of multisensory stimuli.

PMID 25954167
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Experience-dependent hemispheric specialization of letters and numbers is revealed in early visual processing.

PMID 24669789
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Electrophysiological evidence for the involvement of the approximate number system in preschoolers' processing of spoken number words.

PMID 24702455
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Utilization of reward-prospect enhances preparatory attention and reduces stimulus conflict.

PMID 24820263
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The dynamics of proactive and reactive cognitive control processes in the human brain.

PMID 24345171
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Task preparation processes related to reward prediction precede those related to task-difficulty expectation.

PMID 24064071
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Disruption of visual awareness during the attentional blink is reflected by selective disruption of late-stage neural processing.

PMID 23859644
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Object-Category Processing, Perceptual Awareness, and the Role of Attention during Motion-Induced Blindness

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Neural processing stages during object-substitution masking and their relationship to perceptual awareness.

PMID 23751171
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Rapid brain responses independently predict gain maximization and loss minimization during economic decision making.

PMID 23595758
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The rapid distraction of attentional resources toward the source of incongruent stimulus input during multisensory conflict.

PMID 23249355
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Reward associations reduce behavioral interference by changing the temporal dynamics of conflict processing.

PMID 23326530
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Resolving conflicting views: Gaze and arrow cues do not trigger rapid reflexive shifts of attention.

PMID 23626482
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Cross-modal stimulus conflict: the behavioral effects of stimulus input timing in a visual-auditory Stroop task.

PMID 23638149
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Is one enough? The case for non-additive influences of visual features on crossmodal Stroop interference.

PMID 24198800
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Strategic allocation of attention reduces temporally predictable stimulus conflict.

PMID 22360623
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The influence of different Stop-signal response time estimation procedures on behavior-behavior and brain-behavior correlations.

PMID 22245527
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The involvement of the dopaminergic midbrain and cortico-striatal-thalamic circuits in the integration of reward prospect and attentional task demands.

PMID 21680848
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Is conflict monitoring supramodal? Spatiotemporal dynamics of cognitive control processes in an auditory Stroop task.

PMID 21964643
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Electrophysiological recordings in humans reveal reduced location-specific attentional-shift activity prior to recentering saccades.

PMID 22157127
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Arrow-elicited cueing effects at short intervals: Rapid attentional orienting or cue-target stimulus conflict?

PMID 21975079
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The temporal dynamics of object processing in visual cortex during the transition from distributed to focused spatial attention.

PMID 21563884
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Overlapping parietal activity in memory and perception: evidence for the attention to memory model.

PMID 21568633
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Differential functional roles of slow-wave and oscillatory-α activity in visual sensory cortex during anticipatory visual-spatial attention.

PMID 21372123
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Rapid modulation of sensory processing induced by stimulus conflict.

PMID 20849233
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The neural underpinnings of how reward associations can both guide and misguide attention.

PMID 21715640
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Sandwich masking eliminates both visual awareness of faces and face-specific brain activity through a feedforward mechanism.

PMID 21669859
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The cross-modal spread of attention reveals differential constraints for the temporal and spatial linking of visual and auditory stimulus events.

PMID 21632920
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Substantia nigra activity level predicts trial-to-trial adjustments in cognitive control.

PMID 20465358
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Cochlear implants matching the prosthesis to the brain and facilitating desired plastic changes in brain function.

PMID 21867799
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Parallels in stimulus-driven oscillatory brain responses to numerosity changes in adults and seven-month-old infants.

PMID 21761991
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The role of stimulus salience and attentional capture across the neural hierarchy in a stop-signal task.

PMID 22022611
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Sandwich masking eliminates both visual awareness of faces and face-specific brain activity through a feedforward mechanism

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The influence of reward associations on conflict processing in the Stroop task.

PMID 20864094
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Individual differences in nonverbal number discrimination correlate with event-related potentials and measures of probabilistic reasoning.

PMID 20817003
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Pinning down response inhibition in the brain--conjunction analyses of the Stop-signal task.

PMID 20452445
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The multifaceted interplay between attention and multisensory integration.

PMID 20675182
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Multisensory conflict modulates the spread of visual attention across a multisensory object.

PMID 20420924
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The electrophysiological time course of the interaction of stimulus conflict and the multisensory spread of attention.

PMID 20584178
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Video game players show more precise multisensory temporal processing abilities.

PMID 20436205
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High-field FMRI reveals brain activation patterns underlying saccade execution in the human superior colliculus.

PMID 20084170
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The Saccadic Re-Centering Bias is Associated with Activity Changes in the Human Superior Colliculus.

PMID 21103010
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High-field FMRI reveals brain activation patterns underlying saccade execution in the human superior colliculus.

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Induced alpha-band oscillations reflect ratio-dependent number discrimination in the infant brain.

PMID 19016603
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Momentary reductions of attention permit greater processing of irrelevant stimuli.

PMID 19596451
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Priming and backward influences in the human brain: processing interactions during the stroop interference effect.

PMID 19321654
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Intermodal attention affects the processing of the temporal alignment of audiovisual stimuli.

PMID 19495733
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The temporal dynamics of implicit processing of non-letter, letter, and word-forms in the human visual cortex.

PMID 20046826
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Dynamic MRI of small electrical activity.

PMID 18839098
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Rapid electrophysiological brain responses are influenced by both valence and magnitude of monetary rewards.

PMID 18416673
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Cognitive control in social situations: a role for the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.

PMID 18234518
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Electrophysiological measures of time processing in infant and adult brains: Weber's Law holds.

PMID 18275328
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fMRI evidence for both generalized and specialized components of attentional control.

PMID 17916338
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Erratum to "The neural circuitry underlying the executive control of auditory spatial attention" [Brain Res. 1134 (2007) 187-198] (DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2006.11.088)

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Component structure of event-related fMRI responses in the different neurovascular compartments.

PMID 17371721
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Selective attention and audiovisual integration: is attending to both modalities a prerequisite for early integration?

PMID 16707740
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The neural circuitry underlying the executive control of auditory spatial attention.

PMID 17204249
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Good times for multisensory integration: Effects of the precision of temporal synchrony as revealed by gamma-band oscillations.

PMID 16542688
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Electrophysiological evidence for notation independence in numerical processing.

PMID 17214890
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Timing and sequence of brain activity in top-down control of visual-spatial attention

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Timing and sequence of brain activity in top-down control of visual-spatial attention.

PMID 17199410
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Electrophysiological evidence for notation independence in numerical processing.

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Face Processing is Gated by Visual Spatial Attention.

PMID 18958224
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Attentional capacity for processing concurrent stimuli is larger across sensory modalities than within a modality.

PMID 17076810
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Dissociation of event-related potentials indexing arousal and semantic cohesion during emotional word encoding.

PMID 16678953
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Brain regions activated by endogenous preparatory set shifting as revealed by fMRI.

PMID 17243354
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The neural bases of momentary lapses in attention.

PMID 16767087
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Hemispheric asymmetry of sulcus-function correspondence: quantization and developmental implications.

PMID 16092132
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Pre-target activity in visual cortex predicts behavioral performance on spatial and feature attention tasks.

PMID 16412994
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Interactions between attention and perceptual grouping in human visual cortex.

PMID 16500628
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Children's brain activations while viewing televised violence revealed by fMRI

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Electrophysiological activity underlying inhibitory control processes in normal adults.

PMID 16095637
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The spread of attention across modalities and space in a multisensory object.

PMID 16339900
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Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music.

PMID 16257518
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Multisensory processing and oscillatory gamma responses: effects of spatial selective attention.

PMID 16151775
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Selective attention and multisensory integration: multiple phases of effects on the evoked brain activity.

PMID 16102239
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Hemispheric asymmetries for different components of global/local attention occur in distinct temporo-parietal loci.

PMID 15459080
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Abnormal brain activity related to performance monitoring and error detection in children with ADHD.

PMID 15871602
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Control networks and hemispheric asymmetries in parietal cortex during attentional orienting in different spatial reference frames.

PMID 15808968
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Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex resolves conflict from distracting stimuli by boosting attention toward relevant events.

PMID 15238434
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The neural mechanisms for minimizing cross-modal distraction.

PMID 15574744
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Timing in the baby brain.

PMID 15464354
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The BOLD fMRI refractory effect is specific to stimulus attributes: evidence from a visual motion paradigm.

PMID 15325388
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Mechanisms of moving the mind's eye: planning and execution of spatial shifts of attention.

PMID 15200702
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Functional parcellation of attentional control regions of the brain.

PMID 15006044
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Electrophysiological correlates of lateral interactions in human visual cortex.

PMID 15136002
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Conflict monitoring in the human anterior cingulate cortex during selective attention to global and local object features.

PMID 12948694
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Neural mechanisms of top-down control during spatial and feature attention.

PMID 12880783
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The ERP omitted stimulus response to "no-stim" events and its implications for fast-rate event-related fMRI designs.

PMID 12725762
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Form-from-motion: MEG evidence for time course and processing sequence.

PMID 12676054
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The temporal dynamics of the effects in occipital cortex of visual-spatial selective attention.

PMID 12433379
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Analysis of pathways mediating preserved vision after striate cortex lesions.

PMID 12447936
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Effects of practice on executive control investigated with fMRI.

PMID 12433382
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A role for top-down attentional orienting during interference between global and local aspects of hierarchical stimuli.

PMID 12414266
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Enhanced spatial localization of neuronal activation using simultaneous apparent-diffusion-coefficient and blood-oxygenation functional magnetic resonance imaging.

PMID 12377149
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Unmasking motion-processing activity in human brain area V5/MT+ mediated by pathways that bypass primary visual cortex.

PMID 12377152
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BOLD signal compartmentalization based on the apparent diffusion coefficient.

PMID 12413597
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Delayed striate cortical activation during spatial attention.

PMID 12165478
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Speech segmentation by native and non-native speakers: the use of lexical, syntactic, and stress-pattern cues.

PMID 12069004
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Compartmentalization of the BOLD Signal Based on the Apparent Mobilities

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Structure--function spatial covariance in the human visual cortex.

PMID 11459760
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Dissociating top-down attentional control from selective perception and action.

PMID 11566311
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Automatic talairach labels for functional activation sites

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Intersubject variability in cortical activations during a complex language task.

PMID 10944415
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Inhibitory control in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: event-related potentials identify the processing component and timing of an impaired right-frontal response-inhibition mechanism.

PMID 10924667
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Automated Talairach atlas labels for functional brain mapping.

PMID 10912591
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410. Interactive effects in the anterior cingulate of sadness and selective attention: a PET study

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An ERP study of the temporal course of the Stroop color-word interference effect.

PMID 10689046
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Deconvolution of event-related fMRI responses in fast-rate experimental designs: tracking amplitude variations.

PMID 11506649
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Activation of human auditory cortex in memory retrieval experiments

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Right occipital ERP effects for non-letter character strings relative to letter strings

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Effects of TV violence viewing on learning and memory in children

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A movement-sensitive area in auditory cortex.

PMID 10466721
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Hemodynamic and electrophysiological study of the role of the anterior cingulate in target-related processing and selection for action.

PMID 10524603
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Lateralized auditory spatial perception and the contralaterality of cortical processing as studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography.

PMID 9882090
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The verb generation task: The timing of activations

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Randomized event-related experimental designs allow for extremely rapid presentation rates using functional MRI.

PMID 9858388
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Activation of human auditory cortex in retrieval experiments: an fMRI study.

PMID 9920684
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Magnetoencephalographic recordings demonstrate attentional modulation of mismatch-related neural activity in human auditory cortex.

PMID 9564748
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Auditory attention in the congenitally blind: where, when and what gets reorganized?

PMID 9601658
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Activations in visual cortex by language and non-language tasks in the congenitally blind: A PET study

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Sustained visual stimulation: Neuronal and hemodynamic responses

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Inter-subject variability in task-induced activations during verb generation

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Evaluation of hemispheric dominance for language using functional MRI: a comparison with positron emission tomography.

PMID 9673662
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Intersubject variability of functional areas in the human visual cortex.

PMID 9704267
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Neuronal stability in prolonged visual stimulation

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Lateralized auditory spatial perception and cortical processing contralaterality as studied with fMRI and MEG

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Retinotopic organization of early visual spatial attention effects as revealed by PET and ERPs.

PMID 20408229
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Improving the temporal resolution of functional MR imaging using keyhole techniques.

PMID 8744013
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Selective listening at fast stimulus rates: so much to hear, so little time.

PMID 7649040
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Effects of spatial cuing on luminance detectability: psychophysical and electrophysiological evidence for early selection.

PMID 8083642
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Integrating human brain maps.

PMID 8038570
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Modulation of early sensory processing in human auditory cortex during auditory selective attention.

PMID 8378354
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Distortion of ERP averages due to overlap from temporally adjacent ERPs: analysis and correction.

PMID 8416067
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Modulation of early sensory processing in human auditory cortex during auditory selective attention

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Modulation of early auditory processing during selective listening to rapidly presented tones.

PMID 1714809
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The effects of channel-selective attention on the mismatch negativity wave elicited by deviant tones.

PMID 1886962
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Mechanisms of auditory selective attention as revealed by event-related potentials.

PMID 1915016
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Cross-modal selective attention effects on retinal, myogenic, brainstem, and cerebral evoked potentials.

PMID 2247550
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Attentional influence on the mismatch negativity

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Combined use of microreflexes and event-related brain potentials as measures of auditory selective attention.

PMID 3438427
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Mechanisms of early selective attention in auditory and visual modalities.

PMID 3477441
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Evidence for effects of selective attention in the mid-latency range of the human auditory event-related potential.

PMID 3480115
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dc AND ac ELECTRIC FIELD, PLASMA DENSITY, PLASMA TEMPERATURE, AND FIELD-ALIGNED CURRENT EXPERIMENTS ON THE S3-3 SATELLITE.

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Nonlinear steepening of the electrostatic ion cyclotron wave

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