Faculty

Marvin Swartz

Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Social and Community Psychiatry
School of Medicine

Chief, Division of Social and Community Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Social and Community Psychiatry
School of Medicine
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238 Civitan Bldg, Durham, NC 27710

Box 3173 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710

(919) 684-8676 marvin.swartz@duke.edu

My major research interest is in examining the effectiveness of services for severely mentally ill individuals, including factors that improve or impede good outcomes. Current research includes: the effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment, psychiatric advance directives and antipsychotic medications.

I also served as member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment. In this and related work we are examining the role legal tools such as Psychiatric Advance Directives may play in improving outcomes for persons with severe mental illness. In this regard, I served as Co-PI with Jeffrey Swanson of a NIMH study examining the effectiveness of Psychiatric Advance Directives and a MacArthur Foundation grant supporting their dissemination. We are also evaluating New York's Assisted Outpatient Treatment Program (Kendra's Law) and estimating the cost of criminal justice involvement in severely mentally ill individuals.

I am also involved in clinical trials in schizophrenia and served as Co-PI of the NIMH funded Clinical Antipsychotics Trials of Intervention Effectiveness study investigating the role of antipsychotics in treatment outcomes in schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s Disease.


Education & Training

M.D. 1980

Tufts University

Grants

Evaluation of the Assisted Outpatient Treatment Grant Program for Individuals with Serious Mental Illness

Research Triangle Institute International

Mid Southern Primary Care Networks Node

National Institutes of Health

Substance Abuse & Treatment Gaps in Asians, Pacific Islanders & Multiple-race Individuals

National Institutes of Health

ALK648-A301 - NXT-VIV

Alkermes, plc

AHEC Health Careers / Point of Service Maint & Enhancement FY18

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Composite FY18

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Mental Health FY18

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Primary Care / ORPCE FY18

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Residency Support FY18

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

Implementation and Effectiveness of "Dangerous Persons" Gun-Seizure Laws in Connecticut and Indiana

New Venture Fund

Policy and interventions for adults with SMI and criminal justice involvement

National Institutes of Health

Training Chaplains in Evidence-Based and Integrated Care to Promote Suicide Prevention and Mental Health

Institute for Medical Research, Inc.

AHEC Health Careers / Point of Service Maint & Enhancement FY17

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Composite FY17

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Mental Health FY17

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Primary Care / ORPCE FY17

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Residency Support FY17

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Health Careers & Workforce Diversity FY16

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Composite FY16

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Mental Health FY16

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Primary Care Initiative / ORPCE FY16

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Residency Support FY16

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

1/2 A Comparison of Long-Acting Injectable Medications for Schizophrenia -ACLAIMS

National Institutes of Health

Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives with Peer Specialist Facilitators

Department of Health and Human Services

Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives with Peer Specialist Facilitators

Department of Education

AHEC Health Careers & Work Force Diversity FY15

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Operations Composite FY15

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

AHEC Residency Support FY15

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill

Duke AHEC

NC DHHS

IPA - Jeffrey Swanson

Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center

IPA - Ryan Wagner

Veterans Administration Medical Center

Collaborative HIV/AIDS Prevention and Mental Health Treatment Project

National Institutes of Health

Training in Psychological Intervention Research

National Institutes of Health

PREMIER Mental Health Interventions Training Program

National Institutes of Health

Improving Representative Payeeship for People with Psychiatric Disabilities and their Families

National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Effectively Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives

National Institutes of Health

Early Use of Marijuana and Brain Morphology and Function

National Institutes of Health

The Effectiveness Of Involuntary Outpatient Commitment

National Institutes of Health

The Effectiveness Of Involuntary Outpatient Commitment

National Institutes of Health

The Effectiveness Of Involuntary Outpatient Commitment

National Institutes of Health
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Publications

Associations between pharmacotherapy for opioid dependence and clinical and criminal justice outcomes among adults with co-occurring serious mental illness

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Extended-release naltrexone and drug treatment courts: Policy and evidence for implementing an evidence-based treatment.

PMID 28274648
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Randomised controlled trials and outpatient commitment.

PMID 29179941
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Prevalence and correlates of treatment utilization among adults with cannabis use disorder in the United States.

PMID 28599214
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Facilitation of Psychiatric Advance Directives by Peers and Clinicians on Assertive Community Treatment Teams.

PMID 28366114
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Leading indicators of community-based violent events among adults with mental illness.

PMID 27998319
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Alternatives to the Emergency Department: In Reply.

PMID 28240153
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Involuntary Outpatient Commitment and the Elusive Pursuit of Violence Prevention.

PMID 27777274
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Victimization of persons with severe mental illness: a pressing global health problem.

PMID 28127905
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Implementation and effectiveness of connecticut's risk-based gun removal law: Does it prevent suicides?

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A longitudinal analysis of the overlap between violence and victimization among adults with mental illnesses.

PMID 27721058
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Treatment utilization among persons with opioid use disorder in the United States.

PMID 27810654
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The latent structure of psychiatric symptoms across mental disorders as measured with the PANSS and BPRS-18.

PMID 27529666
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Emergency Department Boarding: Nowhere Else to Go.

PMID 27799026
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A Randomized Clinical Trial of a Money Management Intervention for Veterans With Psychiatric Disabilities.

PMID 27181733
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Cost-Effectiveness of Long-Acting Injectable Paliperidone Palmitate Versus Haloperidol Decanoate in Maintenance Treatment of Schizophrenia.

PMID 27247177
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Trends in cannabis use disorders among racial/ethnic population groups in the United States.

PMID 27317045
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Proximal Risk Factors for Short-Term Community Violence Among Adults With Mental Illnesses.

PMID 26927580
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Gun Violence, Mental Illness, And Laws That Prohibit Gun Possession: Evidence From Two Florida Counties.

PMID 27269024
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Increasing Access to State Psychiatric Hospital Beds: Exploring Supply-Side Solutions.

PMID 26620287
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Mental Health Courts: Does Treatment Make a Difference?

PMID 27032793
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Consideration of all evidence about community treatment orders.

PMID 26362497
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Influence of Criminal Justice Involvement and Psychiatric Diagnoses on Treatment Costs Among Adults With Serious Mental Illness.

PMID 25975893
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Readmission Patterns and Effectiveness of Transitional Care Among Medicaid Patients With Schizophrenia and Medical Comorbidity.

PMID 26509510
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Emergency Psychiatry Experience, Resident Burnout, and Future Plans to Treat Publicly Funded Patients.

PMID 25873026
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Randomized Trial of the Effect of Four Second-Generation Antipsychotics and One First-Generation Antipsychotic on Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol, and Drug Use in Chronic Schizophrenia.

PMID 26075840
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Guns, Impulsive Angry Behavior, and Mental Disorders: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R).

PMID 25850688
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The effects of state psychiatric hospital waitlist policies on length of stay and time to readmission.

PMID 24965771
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Perceived cannabis use norms and cannabis use among adolescents in the United States.

PMID 25795093
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Latent class analysis of discordance between results of drug use assessments in the CATIE data.

PMID 25476120
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The Effects of State Psychiatric Hospital Waitlist Policies on Length of Stay and Time to Readmission

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Community violence perpetration and victimization among adults with mental illnesses.

PMID 24524530
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Nonmedical stimulant use among young Asian-Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race individuals aged 12-34 years in the United States.

PMID 25263275
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Treatment participation and medication adherence: effects on criminal justice costs of persons with mental illness.

PMID 25270494
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Mental health and reoffending outcomes of jail diversion participants with a brief incarceration after arraignment.

PMID 24828832
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How do mental health courts work?

PMID 25179182
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Patterns of justice involvement among adults with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: key risk factors.

PMID 24633645
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Why the evidence for outpatient commitment is good enough.

PMID 24881685
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Extended release naltrexone injection is performed in the majority of opioid dependent patients receiving outpatient induction: A very low dose naltrexone and buprenorphine open label trial

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Extended release naltrexone injection is performed in the majority of opioid dependent patients receiving outpatient induction: a very low dose naltrexone and buprenorphine open label trial.

PMID 24602363
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Effectiveness of paliperidone palmitate vs haloperidol decanoate for maintenance treatment of schizophrenia: a randomized clinical trial.

PMID 24846035
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Letter to the editor: Critique of Bahorik et al. (2013)--'Under-reporting of drug use among individuals with schizophrenia: prevalence and predictors'.

PMID 24164891
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Response to Burns.

PMID 24500463
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Illicit and nonmedical drug use among asian americans, native hawaiians/pacific islanders, and mixed-race individuals

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Illicit and nonmedical drug use among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race individuals.

PMID 23890491
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Comorbid substance use disorders with other Axis I and II mental disorders among treatment-seeking Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race people.

PMID 24060266
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Tobacco use among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race individuals: 2002-2010.

PMID 23394689
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Adverse impact of coercive treatments on psychiatric inpatients' satisfaction with care.

PMID 23054144
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Costs of criminal justice involvement among persons with serious mental illness in connecticut.

PMID 23494058
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Using electronic health records data to assess comorbidities of substance use and psychiatric diagnoses and treatment settings among adults.

PMID 23337131
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Preventing gun violence involving people with serious mental illness

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Evaluating brief screeners to discriminate between drug use disorders in a sample of treatment-seeking adults.

PMID 22819723
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A recovery-oriented money management intervention.

PMID 23280466
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Economic grand rounds: Can states implement involuntary outpatient commitment within existing state budgets?

PMID 23280454
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Comorbid substance use disorders with other Axis I and II mental disorders among treatment-seeking Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race people

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Evaluating brief screeners to discriminate between drug use disorders in a sample of treatment-seeking adults

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Drug and alcohol trajectories among adults with schizophrenia: Data from the CATIE study

PMID 23726721
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Adverse impact of coercive treatments on psychiatric inpatients' satisfaction with care

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Drug and alcohol trajectories among adults with schizophrenia: Data from the CATIE study

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Tobacco use among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race individuals: 2002-2010

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Comparison of outcomes for African Americans, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic whites in the CATIE study

PMID 23494108
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Accuracy of self-report, biological tests, collateral reports and clinician ratings in identifying substance use disorders among adults with schizophrenia

PMID 23276310
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In-home mental health treatment for individuals with HIV.

PMID 23050767
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Alcohol and drug use disorders among adults in emergency department settings in the United States.

PMID 22424657
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LONGITUDINAL SUBSTANCE USE TRAJECTORIES FOR PERSONS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA

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Public behavioral health care reform in North Carolina: will we get it right this time around?

PMID 22779148
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Assessing illicit drug use among adults with schizophrenia

PMID 22796100
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Assessing illicit drug use among adults with schizophrenia

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Psychiatric violence risk assessment

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Treatment outcomes of patients with tardive dyskinesia and chronic schizophrenia.

PMID 20816031
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Impact of second-generation antipsychotics and perphenazine on depressive symptoms in a randomized trial of treatment for chronic schizophrenia.

PMID 20868641
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The impact of evidence-based education on prescribing in a psychiatry residency

PMID 21430489
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Criminal justice system involvement among people with schizophrenia

PMID 21113799
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Substance use and schizophrenia: Adverse correlates in the CATIE study sample

PMID 21872443
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Longitudinal consent-related abilities among research participants with schizophrenia: Results from the CATIE study

PMID 21561740
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A randomized trial examining the effectiveness of switching from olanzapine, quetiapine, or risperidone to aripiprazole to reduce metabolic risk: Comparison of Antipsychotics for Metabolic Problems (CAMP)

PMID 21768610
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The association between weight change and symptom reduction in the CATIE schizophrenia trial

PMID 21334853
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A conceptually based scale to measure consumers' treatment motivation

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Storm clouds over the public mental health safety net

PMID 21807819
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Reductions in arrest under assisted outpatient treatment in New York.

PMID 20889637
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Assisted outpatient treatment in New York: regional differences in New York's assisted outpatient treatment program.

PMID 20889633
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Continuing medication and hospitalization outcomes after assisted outpatient treatment in New York.

PMID 20889635
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Robbing Peter to pay Paul: did New York State's outpatient commitment program crowd out voluntary service recipients?

PMID 20889636
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Introduction to the special section on assisted outpatient treatment in New York State.

PMID 20889632
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Changes in guideline-recommended medication possession after implementing Kendra's law in New York.

PMID 20889638
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Assessing outcomes for consumers in New York's assisted outpatient treatment program.

PMID 20889634
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Advancing research at the intersection of two systems.

PMID 20439359
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Medication preferences and adherence among individuals with severe mental illness and psychiatric advance directives.

PMID 20360277
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Psychiatric advance directives and social workers: an integrative review.

PMID 20408357
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Impact of antipsychotic medication on family burden in schizophrenia: longitudinal results of CATIE trial.

PMID 19864114
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Psychosocial functioning in patients with chronic schizophrenia: Findings from the NIMH CATIE study

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Substance use in persons with schizophrenia: Incidence, baseline correlates, and effects on outcome

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Inflammatory markers in schizophrenia: comparing antipsychotic effects in phase 1 of the clinical antipsychotic trials of intervention effectiveness study.

PMID 19640511
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Preferences for psychiatric advance directives among Latinos: views on advance care planning for mental health.

PMID 19797381
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Racial disparities in involuntary outpatient commitment: are they real?

PMID 19414892
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Results of phase 3 of the CATIE schizophrenia trial.

PMID 19027269
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The impact of obesity on health care costs among persons with schizophrenia.

PMID 19134502
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Can a nonequivalent choice of dosing regimen bias the results of flexible dose double blind trials? The CATIE schizophrenia trial

PMID 19545976
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Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between insight and attitudes toward medication and clinical outcomes in chronic schizophrenia

PMID 18586692
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Does switching to a new antipsychotic improve outcomes?. Data from the CATIE Trial

PMID 18993031
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Autonomy and the use of directive intervention in the treatment of individuals with serious mental illnesses: A survey of social work practitioners

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Taking issue

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Reducing barriers to completing psychiatric advance directives.

PMID 18633699
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Extrapyramidal side-effects of antipsychotics in a randomised trial.

PMID 18827289
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Impact of antipsychotic treatment on nonfasting triglycerides in the CATIE Schizophrenia Trial phase 1.

PMID 18534821
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Comparison of antipsychotic medication effects on reducing violence in people with schizophrenia.

PMID 18700216
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A clinical trial comparing interviewer and computer-assisted assessment among clients with severe mental illness.

PMID 18586994
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Alternative pathways to violence in persons with schizophrenia: the role of childhood antisocial behavior problems.

PMID 17602288
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Introduction to the CATIE special section.

PMID 18451004
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Who are the new users of antipsychotic medications?

PMID 18451006
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What CATIE found: results from the schizophrenia trial.

PMID 18451005
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Change in metabolic syndrome parameters with antipsychotic treatment in the CATIE Schizophrenia Trial: prospective data from phase 1.

PMID 18258416
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The effectiveness of antipsychotic medications in patients who use or avoid illicit substances: results from the CATIE study.

PMID 18191383
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Caregivers as money managers for adults with severe mental illness: how treatment providers can help.

PMID 18349329
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Assessing risk of violent behavior among veterans with severe mental illness.

PMID 18302172
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Front line workers' attitudes towards psychiatric advance directives.

PMID 17721821
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Psychiatric advance directives and reduction of coercive crisis interventions.

PMID 20221301
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Relationship of cognition and psychopathology to functional impairment in schizophrenia

PMID 18450928
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Employment outcomes in a randomized trial of second-generation antipsychotics and perphenazine in the treatment of individuals with schizophrenia

PMID 18246429
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Social workers' familiarity with psychiatric advance directives: Implications for education, practice, and research

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Performance measures for mental healthcare in Singapore

PMID 18989498
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An integrated, multidimensional treatment model for individuals living with HIV, mental illness, and substance abuse.

PMID 18038728
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Relation of lifetime trauma and depressive symptoms to mortality in HIV.

PMID 17974936
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Characteristics of representative payeeship involving families of beneficiaries with psychiatric disabilities.

PMID 17978253
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Minorities, the poor, and survivors of abuse: HIV-infected patients in the US deep South.

PMID 17984744
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Previous Involuntary Commitment is Associated With Current Perceptions of Coercion in Voluntarily Hospitalized Patients

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Childhood abuse and initial presentation for HIV care: an opportunity for early intervention.

PMID 18058391
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Effect of patients' reasons for refusing treatment on implementing psychiatric advance directives.

PMID 17914014
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Predictors of AIDS-related morbidity and mortality in a southern U.S. Cohort.

PMID 17919095
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Commentary: psychiatric advance directives and recovery-oriented care.

PMID 17766560
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Effectiveness of atypical antipsychotics for substance use in schizophrenia patients.

PMID 17587548
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Healthcare barriers among severely mentally ill homeless adults: evidence from the five-site health and risk study.

PMID 17294124
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Neurocognitive effects of antipsychotic medications in patients with chronic schizophrenia in the CATIE Trial.

PMID 17548746
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Can mandated outpatient treatment prevent tragedies?

PMID 17535931
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Competence to complete psychiatric advance directives: effects of facilitated decision making.

PMID 17294136
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Re: Community treatment orders for psychiatric patients: the emperor with no clothes.

PMID 17500310
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Effectiveness of olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone in patients with chronic schizophrenia after discontinuing perphenazine: a CATIE study.

PMID 17329466
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Measures and predictors of community-based employment and earnings of persons with schizophrenia in a multisite study.

PMID 17325103
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Effects of antipsychotic medications on psychosocial functioning in patients with chronic schizophrenia: findings from the NIMH CATIE study.

PMID 17329467
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Overriding psychiatric advance directives: factors associated with psychiatrists' decisions to preempt patients' advance refusal of hospitalization and medication.

PMID 16718578
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Authors' reply [4]

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Understanding the personal and clinical utility of psychiatric advance directives: a qualitative perspective.

PMID 17492909
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Psychiatric advance directives: a tool for consumer empowerment and recovery.

PMID 17694718
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Second-generation antipsychotics: Reviewing the cost-effectiveness component of the CATIE trial

PMID 20528436
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Dr. Rosenheck and colleagues reply [2]

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Comparison of Antipsychotics for Metabolic Problems (CAMP): A NIMH schizophrenia trials network study

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EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENTING PSYCHIATRIC ADVANCE DIRECTIVES TO PROMOTE SELF-DETERMINATION OF TREATMENT AMONG PEOPLE WITH MENTAL ILLNESS

PMID 24198456
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Dr. Swanson and colleagues reply [4]

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The impact of perceived need for treatment on risk of arrest and violence among people with severe mental illness

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Neurocognitive effects of antipsychotic medications in patients with chronic schizophrenia in the CATIE trial

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The relationship between mandated community treatment and perceived barriers to care in persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 17070907
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Facilitated psychiatric advance directives: a randomized trial of an intervention to foster advance treatment planning among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 17074946
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Treatment engagement and violence risk in mental disorders.

PMID 17012659
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Baseline neurocognitive deficits in the CATIE schizophrenia trial.

PMID 16641947
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CATIE trial results

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Interrelationships of psychiatric symptom severity, medical comorbidity, and functioning in schizophrenia.

PMID 16870960
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Components and correlates of family burden in schizophrenia.

PMID 16870962
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Introduction to the special section on CATIE baseline data: practical clinical trials in psychiatry: studies of schizophrenia from the CATIE network.

PMID 16870958
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Violence and leveraged community treatment for persons with mental disorders.

PMID 16877654
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Substance use and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia among new enrollees in the NIMH CATIE study.

PMID 16870961
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Clinicians' attitudes regarding barriers to the implementation of psychiatric advance directives.

PMID 16237505
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Prevalence of childhood sexual abuse and physical trauma in an HIV-positive sample from the deep south.

PMID 16670226
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Barriers to antiretroviral adherence: the importance of depression, abuse, and other traumatic events.

PMID 16789855
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Comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder is associated with suicidality in male veterans with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

PMID 16567080
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A national study of violent behavior in persons with schizophrenia.

PMID 16651506
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Patient Preferences for Psychiatric Advance Directives

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Effectiveness of clozapine versus olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone in patients with chronic schizophrenia who did not respond to prior atypical antipsychotic treatment.

PMID 16585434
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Effectiveness of olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone in patients with chronic schizophrenia following discontinuation of a previous atypical antipsychotic.

PMID 16585435
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Exploring lack of trust in care providers and the government as a barrier to health service use.

PMID 16507725
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Interrelationships of psychiatric symptom severity, medical comorbidity and functional status in patients with schizophrenia

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Clinical decision making and views about psychiatric advance directives.

PMID 16524992
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Use of outpatient commitment or related civil court treatment orders in five U.S. communities.

PMID 16524991
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Medication adherence and long-term functional outcomes in the treatment of schizophrenia in usual care.

PMID 16649833
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Substance use in persons with schizophrenia: baseline prevalence and correlates from the NIMH CATIE study.

PMID 16534433
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The CATIE study - Reply

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Time to discontinuation of atypical versus typical antipsychotics in the naturalistic treatment of schizophrenia.

PMID 16504026
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Psychiatric advance directives among public mental health consumers in five U.S. cities: prevalence, demand, and correlates.

PMID 16585234
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Superseding psychiatric advance directives: ethical and legal considerations.

PMID 17032962
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"Conscience clauses" or "unconscionable clauses": personal beliefs versus professional responsibilities.

PMID 17133969
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Improving health outcomes among individuals with HIV, mental illness, and substance use disorders in the Southeast.

PMID 16938671
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Cost-effectiveness of second-generation antipsychotics and perphenazine in a randomized trial of treatment for chronic schizophrenia

PMID 17151158
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Dr. Lieberman and Colleagues reply [17]

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Barriers to employment for people with schizophrenia

PMID 16513861
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Practical clinical trials in psychiatry: studies of schizophrenia from the CATIE network

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Mental illness in U.S. Presidents between 1776 and 1974: A review of biographical sources

PMID 16462555
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Clinical correlates of tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia: baseline data from the CATIE schizophrenia trial.

PMID 16171976
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The effects of early sexual abuse on adult risky sexual behaviors among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 16260038
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Perceived Fairness and Effectiveness of Leveraged Community Treatment Among Public Mental Health Consumers in Five U.S. Cities

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Psychiatrists' Views and Attitudes About Psychiatric Advance Directives

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Medication nonadherence and substance abuse in psychotic disorders: impact of depressive symptoms and social stability.

PMID 16208163
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Family representative payeeship and violence risk in severe mental illness.

PMID 16254743
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Effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs in patients with chronic schizophrenia.

PMID 16172203
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Cost-sharing requirements and access to mental health care among medicare enrollees with schizophrenia.

PMID 16088013
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The effects of race and criminal justice involvement on access to atypical antipsychotic medications among persons with schizophrenia.

PMID 15974158
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How trauma, recent stressful events, and PTSD affect functional health status and health utilization in HIV-infected patients in the south.

PMID 15911916
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Baseline neurocognitive assessment of 1364 patients with schizophrenia in the clinical antipsychotic trials for intervention effectiveness (CATIE) project

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A brief mental health and substance abuse screener for persons with HIV.

PMID 15716640
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Use of leverage to improve adherence to psychiatric treatment in the community.

PMID 15637190
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Consumer views of representative payee use of disability funds to leverage treatment adherence.

PMID 15637191
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Substance abuse and symptoms of mental illness among HIV-positive persons in the Southeast.

PMID 15678633
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A comparison of stigmatizing attitudes toward persons with schizophrenia in four stakeholder groups: perceived likelihood of violence and desire for social distance.

PMID 16247858
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Measuring outcome priorities and preferences in people with schizophrenia

PMID 16319405
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Decision-making capacity for research participation among individuals in the CATIE schizophrenia trial

PMID 16182516
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Reducing violence risk in persons with schizophrenia: olanzapine versus risperidone.

PMID 15641872
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Involuntary outpatient commitment, community treatment orders, and assisted outpatient treatment: what's in the data?

PMID 15503729
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Caregiving for persons with mental illness: the impact of outpatient commitment on caregiving strain.

PMID 15387158
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Consumers' perceptions of the fairness and effectiveness of mandated community treatment and related pressures.

PMID 15232017
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Racial differences in hepatitis B and hepatitis C and associated risk behaviors in veterans with severe mental illness.

PMID 14746353
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Interpersonal trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with severe mental illness: demographic, clinical, and health correlates.

PMID 15176761
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Effectiveness of atypical antipsychotic medications in reducing violent behavior among persons with schizophrenia in community-based treatment.

PMID 15176758
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Psychiatric advance directives: Practical, legal, and ethical issues

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Psychiatric Disability, the Use of Financial Leverage, and Perceived Coercion in Mental Health Services

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Effects of legal mechanisms on perceived coercion and treatment adherence among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 14555864
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Characteristics of third-party money management for persons with psychiatric disabilities.

PMID 12883142
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Substance abuse and the transmission of hepatitis C among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 12773598
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Risk factors for HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 12773597
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The five-site health and risk study of blood-borne infections among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 12773596
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Detection of illicit substance use among persons with schizophrenia by radioimmunoassay of hair.

PMID 12773606
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Regular sources of medical care among persons with severe mental illness at risk of hepatitis C infection.

PMID 12773600
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Assessment of four stakeholder groups' preferences concerning outpatient commitment for persons with schizophrenia.

PMID 12777273
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Psychiatric Advance Directives: A Survey of Persons With Schizophrenia, Family Members, and Treatment Providers

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Endorsement of personal benefit of outpatient commitment among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 16700137
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Involuntary outpatient commitment and homelessness in persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 12602644
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Does involuntary outpatient commitment lead to more intensive treatment?

PMID 16700140
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The National Institute of Mental Health Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) project: schizophrenia trial design and protocol development.

PMID 12908658
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Assessing clinical and functional outcomes in the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) schizophrenia trial.

PMID 12908659
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Does fear of coercion keep people away from mental health treatment? Evidence from a survey of persons with schizophrenia and mental health professionals.

PMID 12898502
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Effects of involuntary outpatient commitment on subjective quality of life in persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 12898503
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Mental health care in North Carolina: challenges on the road to reform.

PMID 14601415
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Mandated treatment in the community for people with mental disorders

PMID 14515879
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The social-environmental context of violent behavior in persons treated for severe mental illness.

PMID 12197987
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Impact of outpatient commitment on victimization of people with severe mental illness.

PMID 12153835
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The impact of borderline personality disorder on post-traumatic stress in the community: a study of health status, health utilization, and functioning.

PMID 11788918
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The Impact of Borderline Personality Disorder on Post-Traumatic Stress in the Community: A Study of Health Status, Health Utilization, and Functioning

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The perceived coerciveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: findings from an experimental study.

PMID 12108557
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Erratum: Victimization: A link between mental illness and violence? (International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (2001) 24 (559-572) PII: S0160252701000917)

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Concealed medicines for people with schizophrenia: A U.S. perspective

PMID 12645685
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Victimization: a link between mental illness and violence?

PMID 11795220
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Recent victimization in women and men with severe mental illness: prevalence and correlates.

PMID 11776413
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Mandated community treatment: beyond outpatient commitment.

PMID 11533393
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Effects of involuntary outpatient commitment and depot antipsychotics on treatment adherence in persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 11580001
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Special section on involuntary outpatient commitment: introduction.

PMID 11239098
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A randomized controlled trial of outpatient commitment in North Carolina.

PMID 11239099
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Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C in people with severe mental illness.

PMID 11189820
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Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce arrests among persons with severe mental illness?

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Assessing the New York City involuntary outpatient treatment program [1] (multiple letters)

PMID 11684756
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Effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment [7] (multiple letters)

PMID 11282712
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Assessing the New York City involuntary outpatient commitment pilot program

PMID 11239100
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Confusion about outpatient commitment [1] (multiple letters)

PMID 11474061
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Involuntary out-patient commitment and reduction of violent behaviour in persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 10827879
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Psychiatric advance directives: an alternative to coercive treatment?

PMID 10965546
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Race, role responsibility, and relationship: understanding the experience of caring for the severely mentally ill

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Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce hospital recidivism?: Findings from a randomized trial with severely mentally ill individuals.

PMID 10588412
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Consumer perceptions of involuntary outpatient commitment.

PMID 10543860
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Functional impairment and utilization of services associated with posttraumatic stress in the community.

PMID 10646189
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Violent behavior preceding hospitalization among persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 10333756
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Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness.

PMID 9890581
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Psychiatric impairment, social contact, and violent behavior: evidence from a study of outpatient-committed persons with severe mental disorder.

PMID 9857785
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Risk reconsidered: targets of violence in the social networks of people with serious psychiatric disorders.

PMID 9857786
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Taking the wrong drugs: the role of substance abuse and medication noncompliance in violence among severely mentally ill individuals.

PMID 9857783
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Male-female differences in the setting and construction of violence among people with severe mental illness.

PMID 9857782
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Administrative update: utilization of services. I. Comparing use of public and private mental health services: the enduring barriers of race and age.

PMID 9620158
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Violence and severe mental illness: the effects of substance abuse and nonadherence to medication.

PMID 9464202
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Epidemiology of recurrent major and minor depression with a seasonal pattern. The National Comorbidity Survey.

PMID 9519070
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I. Comparing use of public and private mental health services: The enduring barriers of race and age

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Treatment boundaries in the case management relationship: A clinical case and discussion

PMID 9607166
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Prevalence, correlates, and course of minor depression and major depression in the National Comorbidity Survey.

PMID 9268772
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The US National Comorbidity Survey: overview and future directions.

PMID 9151646
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Violence and severe mental disorder in clinical and community populations: the effects of psychotic symptoms, comorbidity, and lack of treatment.

PMID 9130311
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Interpreting the effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: a conceptual model.

PMID 9148879
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Patient perceptions of coercion in mental hospital admission.

PMID 9178064
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The ethical challenges of a randomized controlled trial of involuntary outpatient commitment.

PMID 9033154
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The ethical challenges of a randomized controlled trial of involuntary outpatient commitment

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Substance abuse, violent behavior, and police encounters among persons with severe mental disorder

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Comorbidity of DSM-III-R major depressive disorder in the general population: results from the US National Comorbidity Survey.

PMID 8864145
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Comorbidity of DSM-III-R major depressive disorder in the general population: Results from the US National Comorbidity Survey

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Assessing and managing voilence risk in clinical practice

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Psychotic symptoms and disorders and the risk of violent behaviour in the community

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Psychotic symptoms and disorders and the risk of violent behaviour in the community

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New directions in research on involuntary outpatient commitment.

PMID 7788461
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The relationship between insurance coverage and psychiatric disorder in predicting use of mental health services.

PMID 7977886
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State purchasing cooperatives for psychotropic medication.

PMID 7982687
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The prevalence and distribution of major depression in a national community sample: the National Comorbidity Survey.

PMID 8010383
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Sex and depression in the National Comorbidity Survey. II: Cohort effects.

PMID 8151045
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Adult onset of severe and pervasive antisocial behavior: A distinct syndrome?

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Sex and depression in the National Comorbidity Survey. I: Lifetime prevalence, chronicity and recurrence.

PMID 8300981
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Deciding to terminate treatment: a practical guide for physicians.

PMID 8275163
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Long-term psychosocial effects of childhood exposure to parental problem drinking.

PMID 8465878
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Benzodiazepine anti-anxiety agents: prevalence and correlates of use in a southern community.

PMID 1673048
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Somatization Disorder

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Generalized Anxiety Disorder

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Social outcomes related to age of onset among psychiatric disorders.

PMID 2292633
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Is there a place for lawyers on ethics committees? A view from the inside.

PMID 2318629
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Sexual assault and psychiatric disorders among a community sample of women.

PMID 2309952
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Estimating the prevalence of borderline personality disorder in the community

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P.T. Barnum and the borderline personality disorder muddle (I: Reply)

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Concept of interpersonal distance in borderline personality disorder (Reply)

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Oscillations of attachment in borderline personality disorder.

PMID 2764169
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Antisocial and related disorders in a southern community. An application of grade of membership analysis.

PMID 2769246
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Identification of borderline personality disorder with the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule.

PMID 2643363
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Somatization symptoms in the community: A rural/urban comparison

PMID 2783629
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Medically unexplained physical symptoms, somatization disorder and abridged somatization: Studies with the diagnostic interview schedule

PMID 2639357
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Antosocial and related disorders in a southern community. An application of grade of membership analysis

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In response to 'psychiatric diagnosis as reified measurement'. An invited comment on Mirowsky and Ross (1989)

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THE INPATIENT MILIEU - ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL PRINCIPLES

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AIDS testing and informed consent.

PMID 3235793
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Depressive symptoms and depressive diagnoses in a community population

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Reduced corticotropin releasing factor binding sites in the frontral cortex of suicide victims

PMID 2837159
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Somatization disorder in the community. A study of diagnostic concordance among three diagnostic systems

PMID 3806068
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What constitutes a psychiatric emergency: clinical and legal dimensions.

PMID 3427231
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A study of somatization disorder in a community population utilizing grade of membership analysis.

PMID 3502659
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Emergency room management of conversion disorders.

PMID 3733015
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Somatization disorders in a US Southern community: Use of a new procedure for analysis of medical classification

PMID 3763774
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Somatization disorder in a community population

PMID 3777228
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Developing a screening index for community studies of somatization disorder

PMID 3806428
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Special clinical problems in the management of psychiatric inpatients.

PMID 3432582
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Stelazine advertisement "dismays" readers.

PMID 3985219
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A diagnostic and family study of posttraumatic stress disorder

PMID 3966591
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Funeral mania in recurrent bipolar affective disorders: reports of three cases.

PMID 6735990
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Countertransference in the expectant father.

PMID 6463194
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Diagnosis and disposition.

PMID 6500532
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Funeral mania in recurrent bipolar affective disorders: Reports of three cases

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A case of intermittent delirious mania.

PMID 6812442
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The cost of Assisted Outpatient Commitment: Can it save states money?

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