Box 3454 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710
Brightleaf Sq Ste 22, 905 W Main St, Durham, NC 27701
Barbara J. Burns, Ph.D., is Professor and Director of the Services Effectiveness Research Program in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Duke University School of Medicine. Dr. Burns is a nationally recognized mental health services researcher. She has co-authored over 250 publications and was the lead author for the review of effective treatment for mental disorders in children and adolescents for the 1999 U.S. Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health. She had a key role in evaluating SAMHSA-supported Systems of Care. Her research career emerged from clinical practice in an integrated health/mental health center. At the National Institute of Mental Health, she directed research focused on mental health services from primary care to tertiary care. Dr. Burns’ current primary interests are innovative community-based services and implementation of evidence-based treatment for youth and families.
Is More Better? Examining Whether Enhanced Consultation/Coaching Improves ImplementationRead Full Text
Does Model Matter? Examining Change Across Time for Youth in Group Homes.
Would We Know It If We Saw It? Assessing Quality of Care in Group Homes for YouthRead Full Text
Who Goes Where? Exploring Factors Related to Placement Among Group Homes.
Mental health service use among adolescents following participation in a randomized clinical trial for depression.
Increase in untreated cases of psychiatric disorders during the transition to adulthood.
Patterns of maltreatment and diagnosis across levels of care in group homes.
Patterns of maltreatment and diagnosis across levels of care in group homesRead Full Text
Mental Health Service Use Among Adolescents Following Participation in a Randomized Clinical Trial for DepressionRead Full Text
Use of Psychotropic Medications Among Youth in Treatment Foster CareRead Full Text
Vectoring for true north: building a research base on family support.
Developing quality indicators for family support services in community team-based mental health care.
Family Involvement in Treatment Foster Care.
Use of Psychotropic Medications Among Youth in Treatment Foster Care
Developing Quality Indicators for Family Support Services in Community Team-Based Mental Health CareRead Full Text
The Impact of Assertive Community Treatment on Utilization of Primary Care and Other Outpatient Health Services: The North Carolina Experience
Onset of alcohol or substance use disorders following treatment for adolescent depression
An Evaluation of the NAMI Basics ProgramRead Full Text
Prior Trauma Exposure for Youth in Treatment Foster Care
Recovery and recurrence following treatment for adolescent major depression
Family Support in Prevention Programs for Children at Risk for Emotional/Behavioral Problems
Parental depression and child outcomes: The mediating effects of abuse and neglectRead Full Text
Service system involvement and delinquent offending at system of care entry.
Enhancing "usual practice" treatment foster care: findings from a randomized trial on improving youths' outcomes.
Family support in children's mental health: a review and synthesis.
Realizing the dream.
Caregiver Depression, Mental Health Service Use, and Child OutcomesRead Full Text
Posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents referred for child welfare investigation. A national sample of in-home and out-of-home care.
Service use and multi-sector use for mental health problems by youth in contact with child welfareRead Full Text
Family education and support services in systems of careRead Full Text
Service use and costs of care for depressed adolescents: who uses and who pays?
The Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS): outcomes over 1 year of naturalistic follow-up.
Relative cost-effectiveness of treatments for adolescent depression: 36-week results from the TADS randomized trial.
Assertive community treatment: facilitators and barriers to implementation in routine mental health settings.
An Annotated Bibliography of Evidence for Diagnostic-Specific Psychosocial and Psychopharmacological InterventionsRead Full Text
Reasons for Hope for Children and Families: A Perspective and OverviewRead Full Text
A Profitable Conjunction: From Science to Service in Children's Mental HealthRead Full Text
Community Treatment for Youth: Evidence-Based Interventions for Severe Emotional and Behavioral DisordersRead Full Text
Psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents in foster care: review of research literature.
Returning home in systems of care: Rates, predictors, and stabilityRead Full Text
The changing mental health needs of youth admitted to residential group home care: Comparing mental health status at admission in 1995 and 2004Read Full Text
Best practices for mental health in child welfare: Screening, assessment, and treatment guidelines
Best practices for mental health in child welfare: Parent support and youth empowerment guidelines
Treatment of hemicrania continua by occipital nerve stimulation with a bion device: long-term follow-up of a crossover study.Read Full Text
Images in emergency medicine. Traumatic cerebrospinal fluid leak.Read Full Text
Using a medical emergency team to manage anaphylactic shock.Read Full Text
Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias: diagnostic and therapeutic developments.Read Full Text
Beware the starboard nasogastric tube.Read Full Text
Cost-effectiveness of treatments for adolescent depression: results from TADS.
Implementing cognitive behavioral therapy in the real world: a case study of two mental health centers.
Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events.
Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma with a frozen globe.Read Full Text
Use and predictors of out-of-home placements within systems of careRead Full Text
The Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS): long-term effectiveness and safety outcomes.
Evaluation of quicklime incorporation in bench-scale and full-scale lime stabilized biosolids using a flat surface pH electrode.Read Full Text
Factors affecting decreasing radiation dose for mammography in North Carolina after 2002: an analysis of Food and Drug Administration annual surveys.Read Full Text
Treatment of medically intractable cluster headache by occipital nerve stimulation: long-term follow-up of eight patients.Read Full Text
Symptom management with massage and acupuncture in postoperative cancer patients: a randomized controlled trial.Read Full Text
Mental health and substance abuse services to parents of children involved with child welfare: a study of racial and ethnic differences for American Indian parents.
Admission and discharge practices: High Dependency Unit audit outcome.Read Full Text
Anastomotic leaks after intestinal anastomosis: it's later than you think.Read Full Text
Predictors of workforce turnover in a transported treatment program.
Prevalence and management of ovarian venous insufficiency in the presence of leg venous insufficiency
Attention problems in very low birth weight preschoolers: Are new screening measures needed for this special population?
Outcomes from wraparound and multisystemic therapy in a center for mental health services system-of-care demonstration siteRead Full Text
Alcohol, drug, and mental health specialty treatment services and race/ethnicity: a national study of children and families involved with child welfare.
Impact of maltreatment on children served in community mental health programsRead Full Text
X-ray structure of Arabidopsis At1g77680, 12-oxophytodienoate reductase isoform 1.Read Full Text
Physician, regulate thyself!Read Full Text
Evidence-based practice, part II: effecting change.
Bilateral simultaneous central retinal artery occlusions in wegener granulomatosis.Read Full Text
The assertive community treatment team as a complex dynamic system of care.
The Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS): Demographic and clinical characteristics
Mental health and other service use by youth in Therapeutic Foster Care and group homesRead Full Text
Contextual predictors of mental health service use among children open to child welfare.
Lead exposure and attention regulation in children living in poverty.Read Full Text
What is evidence?
Fatalities associated with the use of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and its analogues in Australasia.Read Full Text
Fluoxetine, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and their combination for adolescents with depression: Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS) randomized controlled trial.
Mental health need and access to mental health services by youths involved with child welfare: a national survey.
Caregiving for persons with mental illness: the impact of outpatient commitment on caregiving strain.
Use of psychotropic medications by youths in therapeutic foster care and group homes.
Factors affecting increasing radiation dose for mammography in North Carolina from 1997 through 2001: An analysis of Food and Drug Administration Annual Surveys
Acute compartment syndrome of the anterior thigh following quadriceps strain in a footballer.Read Full Text
Parental arrest and children involved with child welfare services agencies.
Point-counterpoint: using clinical trials for the evaluation of integrative cancer therapies.Read Full Text
Disagreement between parent and adolescent reports of functional impairment.
Parent-child interaction and attention regulation in children born prematurelyRead Full Text
Understanding long-term care insurance.Read Full Text
Evidence-based practice, Part I: Research updateRead Full Text
Intestinal ischemia.Read Full Text
Children and evidence-based practice.
The Web: friend or foe of the hand surgeon?Read Full Text
Detection and outcomes of substance use disorders in adolescents seeking mental health treatment.
Emergency delivery and perimortem C-section.Read Full Text
Assessment of four stakeholder groups' preferences concerning outpatient commitment for persons with schizophrenia.
A live human parainfluenza type 3 virus vaccine is attenuated and immunogenic in young infants.Read Full Text
Foster care and Medicaid managed care.
Involuntary outpatient commitment and homelessness in persons with severe mental illness.
Does involuntary outpatient commitment lead to more intensive treatment?
Objectivity and worldly wisdom: missing ingredients in orthopaedic training and practice.Read Full Text
Pathways into and through mental health services for children and adolescents.
Case-mix adjustment of adolescent mental health treatment outcomes.
Special issues for younger Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities.Read Full Text
Integrative tumor board: recurrent breast cancer or new primary? UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine and UCSF Carol Franc Buck Breast Care Center.
Effects of involuntary outpatient commitment on subjective quality of life in persons with severe mental illness.
Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS): Rationale, design, and methods
Treatment foster care in a system of care: Sequences and correlates of residential placementsRead Full Text
Parental incarceration among adolescents receiving mental health servicesRead Full Text
Depression and health-related quality of life.
Review of the evidence base for treatment of childhood psychopathology: internalizing disorders.
Review of the evidence base for treatment of childhood psychopathology: externalizing disorders.
Psychiatric disorder, impairment, and service use in rural African American and white youth.
Clinical evaluation of a single oral dose of human-bovine (UK) reassortant rotavirus vaccines Wa x UK (P1A,G6) and Wa x (DS-1 x UK) (P1A,G2).Read Full Text
Lifetime use of mental health and substance abuse treatment services by incarcerated women felons.
The perceived coerciveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: findings from an experimental study.
Assessing conformity to standards for treatment foster careRead Full Text
Localized paediatric orbital rhabdomyosarcoma: influence of imaging on treatment.Read Full Text
Use of mental health services by youth in contact with social servicesRead Full Text
Evidence-based practice in child and adolescent mental health services.
Effects of involuntary outpatient commitment and depot antipsychotics on treatment adherence in persons with severe mental illness.
Moving assertive community treatment into standard practice.
Measuring outcomes of care for adolescents with emotional and behavioral problems.
A randomized controlled trial of outpatient commitment in North Carolina.
Implementing evidence-based practices for persons with severe mental illnesses.
Problems of self-regulation: a new way to view deficits in children born prematurely.Read Full Text
Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce arrests among persons with severe mental illness?Read Full Text
Use of mental health services by youth in contact with social servicesRead Full Text
Commentary on the Special Issue on the National Evaluation of the Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and Their Families ProgramRead Full Text
Effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment  (multiple letters)
A critique of the effectiveness of assertive community treatment 
Toward a level playing field: predictive factors for the outcomes of mental health treatment for adolescents.
The timing and frequency of complications after peripheral percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and iliac stenting: is a change from inpatient to outpatient therapy feasible?
Minor depression in family practice: functional morbidity, co-morbidity, service utilization and outcomes.
Datapoints: Effects of changing from five to ten preauthorized outpatient sessions.
Developmental changes in children's abilities to share and allocate attention in a dual task.Read Full Text
The development of children's knowledge of attention and resource allocation in single and dual tasks.Read Full Text
Involuntary out-patient commitment and reduction of violent behaviour in persons with severe mental illness.
Effectiveness of nonresidential specialty mental health services for children and adolescents in the "real world".
General medical and specialty mental health service use for major depression.
23 The Status of Wraparound Approach in the United StatesRead Full Text
Race, role responsibility, and relationship: understanding the experience of caring for the severely mentally illRead Full Text
Effects of changing from five to ten preauthorized out outpatient sessionsRead Full Text
Comprehensive community-based interventions for youth with severe emotional disorders: Multisystemic therapy and the wraparound processRead Full Text
Effective treatment for mental disorders in children and adolescents.
Can involuntary outpatient commitment reduce hospital recidivism?: Findings from a randomized trial with severely mentally ill individuals.
Managed behavioral health care: a Medicaid carve-out for youth.
Assertive community treatment for people with severe mental illness: the effect on hospital use and costs.
Does a coexisting anxiety disorder predict persistence of depressive illness in primary care patients with major depression?
Individual differences in textural segregation.Read Full Text
Use, persistence, and intensity: patterns of care for children's mental health across one year.
Impaired but undiagnosed.
A Call for a Mental Health Services Research Agenda for Youth with Serious Emotional DisturbanceRead Full Text
Taking the wrong drugs: the role of substance abuse and medication noncompliance in violence among severely mentally ill individuals.
Methods for the Measurement of a Bacterial Enzyme Activity in Cell Lysates and Extracts.Read Full Text
Outpatient utilization patterns of integrated and split psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for depression.
Links between research findings and the future of assertive community treatment: a commentary.
Methodological issues in assertive community treatment studies.
A research network to evaluate assertive community treatment: introduction.
Administrative update: utilization of services. I. Comparing use of public and private mental health services: the enduring barriers of race and age.
Violence and severe mental illness: the effects of substance abuse and nonadherence to medication.
Perceived parental burden and service use for child and adolescent psychiatric disorders.
I. Comparing use of public and private mental health services: The enduring barriers of race and ageRead Full Text
Dementia in United States nursing homes: Descriptive epidemiology and implications for long-term residential careRead Full Text
Psychiatric disorders among American Indian and white youth in Appalachia: the Great Smoky Mountains Study.
Assessing the effectiveness of mental health care in routine clinical practice. Characteristics, development, and uses of patient outcomes modules.
Interpreting the effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: a conceptual model.
The ethical challenges of a randomized controlled trial of involuntary outpatient commitment.
Insurance coverage and mental health services use by adolescents with serious emotional disturbanceRead Full Text
Impact of Children's Mental Health Problems on Families: Relationships with Service UseRead Full Text
The child and adolescent burden assessment (CABA): Measuring the family impact of emotional and behavioral problemsRead Full Text
The ethical challenges of a randomized controlled trial of involuntary outpatient commitmentRead Full Text
Symposium: Public-sector managed care for children's mental health services: Stakeholders' perspectivesRead Full Text
The Great Smoky Mountains Study of Youth. Goals, design, methods, and the prevalence of DSM-III-R disorders.
The Great Smoky Mountains Study of Youth. Functional impairment and serious emotional disturbance.
A randomized trial of case management for youths with serious emotional disturbanceRead Full Text
Outcomes of mental health care for children and adolescents: I. A comprehensive conceptual model.
What drives outcomes for emotional and behavioral disorders in children and adolescents?
The evaluation of the Fort Bragg Demonstration Project: an alternative interpretation of the findings.
The Child and Adolescent Services Assessment (CASA): Description and PsychometricsRead Full Text
Novel antiplatelet therapies for treatment of patients with ischemic heart disease: inhibitors of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa integrin receptor.Read Full Text
Research on field-based services: models for reform in the delivery of mental health care to populations with complex clinical problems.
Special section on assertive community treatment: an introduction.
Assertive community treatment: an update of randomized trials.
New directions in research on involuntary outpatient commitment.
Deaths associated with warfarin in elderly patients.Read Full Text
Children's mental health service use across service sectors.
The relationship between insurance coverage and psychiatric disorder in predicting use of mental health services.
The response of an assertive community treatment program following a natural disaster.
Dermatology. Your skin.Read Full Text
THE CHALLENGES OF CHILD MENTAL-HEALTH-SERVICES RESEARCHRead Full Text
Epidemiology and health care reform.
Think first. Head & spinal cord injuries.Read Full Text
Hydrolyzed lactalbumin-based oral rehydration solution for acute diarrhoea in infants.
Bicycle safety. A safer ride.Read Full Text
Ethnic differences in use of inpatient mental health services by blacks, whites, and Hispanics in a national insured population.
Stress. Getting control.Read Full Text
Families in pain.Read Full Text
Inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen: a case report.
Ethnicity and the use of outpatient mental health services in a national insured population.
Women and outpatient mental health services: use by black, Hispanic, and white women in a national insured population.
Reliability of self-reported service use: Test-retest consistency of children's responses to the Child and Adolescent Services Assessment (CASA)Read Full Text
How can epidemiology improve mental health services for children and adolescents?
A pilot study of assertive community treatment for patients with chronic psychotic disorders.
Mental health service use by the elderly in nursing homes.
The effect of insurance benefit changes on use of child and adolescent outpatient mental health services.
Use of inpatient services by a national population: do benefits make a difference?
Recommendations of the Little Rock Working Group on Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders in Health-Care Reform.
Linking physical and mental health: Comparing users and non-users of mental health services in medical care utilizationRead Full Text
Initial treatment decisions by level of care for youth in the CHAMPUS Tidewater DemonstrationRead Full Text
Serious physical illness as a stressor: effects on family use of medical services.
Initial level of care and clinical status in a managed mental health program.
Rearrangement of BCR genes in malignant lymphoma.Read Full Text
Measuring the outcomes of care for mental health problems. The case of depressive disorders.
MEASURING THE OUTCOMES OF CARE FOR MENTAL-HEALTH PROBLEMS - THE CASE OF DEPRESSIVE-DISORDERSRead Full Text
Improving mental health and substance abuse services for adolescentsRead Full Text
Evaluation of a Maryland fiscal incentive plan for placing state hospital patients in nursing homes.
PSYCHIATRY TAKES TO THE STREETS - OUTREACH AND CRISIS-INTERVENTION FOR THE MENTALLY-ILL - COHEN,NLRead Full Text
Safety and immunogenicity of human rotavirus vaccine strain M37 in adults, children, and infants.Read Full Text
Methadone dose for cocaine abuse.Read Full Text
Small-bowel carcinoid presenting in association with a phytobezoar.Read Full Text
Role of a soy-based lactose-free formula in the outpatient management of diarrhea.Read Full Text
Mental illness in nursing homes.
Mental health service use by adolescents in the 1970s and 1980s.
How mental health providers see managed care.
A prospective randomised controlled trial of antimicrobial prophylaxis in hydrocephalus shunt surgery.Read Full Text
Phobia: prevalence and risk factors.
The identification of psychiatric illness by primary care physicians: the effect of patient gender.
New directions in research on assertive community treatment.
Insulinoma in a patient with annular pancreas.Read Full Text
Nursing home reform and the mentally ill.
Examining the research base for child mental health services and policy.
The elderly in long-term careRead Full Text
Chronic stressors and maternal depression: implications for prevention.
The anatomy of NCC certification examinations: the neonatal intensive care nursing examination.Read Full Text
Prescribing of psychotropics in elderly nursing home patients.
The CHAMPUS Tidewater Demonstration Project.
The construct validity of the ischemic score of Hachinski for the detection of dementias.
Psychiatric disorders in pediatric primary care. Prevalence and risk factors.
Nalbuphine analgesia in the prehospital setting.
Comparison of active and combined passive/active immunization of Navajo children against Haemophilus influenzae type b.
Service utilization and psychiatric diagnosis in pediatric primary care: the role of the gatekeeper.
Psychopathology in pediatric primary care: the new hidden morbidity.
Psychiatric co-morbidities and patients with head and spinal cord trauma. Effects on acute hospital care.
Use of services by cognitively impaired elderly persons residing in the community.
Dimensional interactions and the structure of psychological space: the representation of hue, saturation, and brightness.Read Full Text
Mental disorders in primary care: epidemiologic, diagnostic, and treatment research directions.
Mental health services system research: the National Institute of Mental Health program.
The use of ambulatory services by persons with and without phobia.
Psychotropic drug prescriptions for nursing home residents.
High users of outpatient mental health services, I: Definition and characteristics.
The severely mentally ill in general hospital psychiatric units.
Mental disorder among nursing home patients: Preliminary findings from the National Nursing Home Survey pretestRead Full Text
Psychopathology in pediatric primary care: The new hidden morbidityRead Full Text
Gender differences in phobias: Results of the ECA community surveyRead Full Text
Service utilization and psychiatric diagnosis in pediatric primary care: The role of the gatekeeperRead Full Text
A research development workshop to stimulate outcome research in consultation-liaison psychiatry.
Is stimulus structure in the mind's eye? An examination of dimensional structure in iconic memory.Read Full Text
The use of mental health measures in nursing home research.
An experiment to change detection and management of mental morbidity in primary care.
Mental health services use by elderly adults in a primary care setting.
The effectiveness of mental health consultation and referral in ambulatory primary care: a research lacuna.
Transfer coefficient of 226Ra from food to young weaned meadow voles, Microtus pennsylvanicus, in the laboratory.Read Full Text
Anxiety and depression in a primary care clinic. Comparison of Diagnostic Interview Schedule, General Health Questionnaire, and practitioner assessments.
The impact of a prospective payment system on psychosocial service delivery in the general hospital.
Detection and management of mental health problems of older patients by primary care providers.
IntroductionRead Full Text
Closing remarksRead Full Text
Psychiatric diagnoses of medical service users: evidence from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program.
Depression and physical illness: The prevalence, causation, and diagnosis of comorbidityRead Full Text
Perceptual development and categorization: I. An investigation of task demands, stimulus set similarity, and age.Read Full Text
Relationship of perceived stimulus structure and intelligence: further tests of a separability hypothesis.Read Full Text
Brief psychosocial screening in outpatient pediatric practice.
Emotional distress in fifth-grade children ten months after a natural disaster.
Estimating the probability and level of ambulatory mental health services use.
The impaired nurse: whose responsibility?Read Full Text
Primary Mental Health Care. A "8220;Find"8221; for Psychology?Read Full Text
Organizing psychiatric care in general hospitals to meet medical and psychiatric needsRead Full Text
Estimating the probability and level of ambulatory mental health services useRead Full Text
Automated time and attendance system.Read Full Text
Role of soy-based, lactose-free formula during treatment of acute diarrhea.Read Full Text
Oral rehydration therapy for acute diarrhea in ambulatory children in the United States: a double-blind comparison of four different solutions.Read Full Text
Prospective payment and psychiatric discharges from general hospitals with and without psychiatric units.
The nature and effectiveness of general hospital psychiatric services.
The 'offset effect' of mental health treatment on ambulatory medical care utilization and charges. Month-by-month and grouped-month analyses of a five-year study.
Improving mental health practices in primary care: findings from recent research.
The chronically mentally ill in primary care.
The primary care physician and the psychiatric epidemiologist: a symbiotic service research partnership.
Patients of psychiatrists and psychologists in office-based practice: 1980.
Stimulus structure in visual persistence: an examination of selective adaptation effects on phenomenal continuity.Read Full Text
Planned change: an innovative nursing rehabilitation model.Read Full Text
Mental health training of primary care residents: a review of recent literature (1974-1981).
Changes in children's behavior after a natural disaster.
Increased cardiac output following occlusion of the descending thoracic aorta in dogs.Read Full Text
Use of general medical care services by persons with mental disorders.
Changes in lung membrane diffusing capacity for oxygen produced by halothane.Read Full Text
Specialist/generalist division of responsibility for patients with mental disorders.
Interactions between placental O2 and CO transfer.Read Full Text
A health center response to community crisis: Some principles of prevention and interventionRead Full Text
Inhibition of corneal deswelling during perfusion of fatty acids across the rabbit corneal endothelium.Read Full Text
A comparison of laterality indices in college and retarded subjects.Read Full Text
Nursing care study. Major surgery on a geriatric ward: stay among friends for your op.Read Full Text
Integrating primary health care and mental health services: a preliminary report.
Diagnosed mental disorder in children and use of health services in four organized health care settings
Morphologic features of prognostic significance in uterine smooth muscle tumors: a review of eighty-four cases.Read Full Text
Neighborhood health center patients who use minor tranquilizers.
DLO2 in excised lungs perfused with blood containing sodium dithionite (Na2S2O4).Read Full Text
Neighborhood health center patients who use minor tranquilizersRead Full Text
Certification within the specialties.Read Full Text
An international comparison of two systems of community mental health care
Future directions in primary care/mental health researchRead Full Text
The need for a psychosocial classification system in primary-care settingsRead Full Text
[A new antidepressive agent. Mianserin hydrochloride (Tolvin)]Read Full Text
Factors relating to the use of mental health services in a neighborhood health center
Personality profile of pediatric nurse practitioners. Associated with role change
Uses of ambulatory health/mental health utilization data in organized health care settings.