The Duke Center for the Study of Suicide Prevention and Intervention (CSSPI) represents a collaborative effort among several research scientists at the Duke Child and Family Study Center to advance the knowledge base on suicide risk and prevention using innovative, multidisciplinary, and scientifically-sound research studies. The CSSPI partners with local, state, and national community organizations and foundations, as well as academic institutions. Specifically, the CSSPI maintains active collaborations with several groups, including:
The CSSPI has three key missions related to (1) research, (2) intervention, and (3) education.
The faculty members of the CSSPI have conducted research focused on understanding the emergence and maintenance of adolescent suicidal and self-harming behaviors, and on the prevention and treatment of suicidal behaviors. Studies have examined the course and risk for suicidal behavior from adolescence through young adulthood, the emotional and behavioral outcomes of high-risk youths, and the impact of adolescent suicidal behavior on parents’ well-being and involvement in youths’ treatment. Studies also have focused on the development and evaluation of a new intervention (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – Relapse Prevention or CBT-RP) for suicidal young people with depression and alcohol-/substance abuse disorders, the evaluation of national suicide prevention efforts funded through the Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Suicide Prevention Act, and the evaluation of a new intensive cognitive behavioral intervention (Post Admission Cognitive Therapy or PACT) aimed at preventing the recurrence of suicidal behaviors among individuals in the military.
Ongoing Studies and Collaborative Research and Evaluation Efforts
The CSSPI faculty members provide clinical services through the Duke Child and Family Study Center. Services are available for children, adolescents, adults, and families seeking evidence-based assessment, diagnosis, and treatment services for a range of psychological or adjustment difficulties, including suicide-related thoughts and behaviors and self-harm. Treatment is provided in individual therapy and group therapy formats. For more information, please contact the Referral Coordinator at 919-668-0397.
The CSSPI is involved in the provision of training opportunities for individuals interested in suicide- or self-harm-related research. Mentored research experiences are available for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and junior faculty. Opportunities also are available for clinical training in the assessment and treatment of suicide-related thoughts and behaviors. In terms of community-based education, the CSSPI maintains an active collaboration with a North Carolina-based group interested in suicide prevention (the Triangle Consortium for Suicide Prevention), as well as the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
American Association of Suicidology
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention
National Institute of Mental Health
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Suicide Prevention Resource Center
The Jed Foundation
The Trevor Project
Triangle Consortium for Suicide Prevention
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline - 1-800-273-TALK (8255) is a free, 24-hour hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.
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Sapyta, J., Goldston, D. B., Erkanli, A., Daniel, S. S., Heilbron, N., Mayfield, A., & Treadway, S. L. (2012). Evaluating the predictive validity of suicidal intent and medical lethality in youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(2), 222-231.
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van Tilburg, M.A.,Spence, L., Naomi J., Whitehead, W.E., Bangdiwala, S., & Goldston, D. B. (2011). Chronic pain in adolescents is associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The Journal of Pain, 12(10), 1032-1039.
Weller, B., & Goldston, D. B. (2011). Suicidal thoughts and behavior and non-adherence to medical regimen.. In A. Berman and M. Pompili (Eds.), Medical condition and suicide risk. Washington, DC: American Association of Suicidology.
Dew, R., Daniel, S. S., Goldston, D. B., McCall, W. V., Kuchibhatia, M., Schieffer, C., Triplett, M., & Koenig, H. (2010). A prospective study of religion/spirituality and depressive symptoms among adolescent psychiatric patients. Journal of Affective Disorders, 120,149-157.
Franklin, J. C., Hessel, E. T., Aaron, R. V., Arthur, M. S., Heilbron, N., & Prinstein, M. J. (2010). The functions of nonsuicidal self-injury: Support for cognitive–affective regulation and opponent processes from a novel psychophysiological paradigm. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119(4), 850-862.
Goldston, D. B., Walrath, C. M., McKeon, R., Puddy, R. W., Lubell, K. M., Potter, L. B., & Rodi, M. S. (2010). The Garrett Lee Smith memorial suicide prevention programs. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 40(3), 245-256.
Heilbron, N., Compton, J. S., Daniel, S. S., & Goldston, D. B. (2010). The problematic label of suicide gesture: Alternatives for clinical research and practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(3), 221-227.
Heilbron, N., & Prinstein, M. J. (2010). Adolescent peer victimization, peer status, suicidal ideation, and nonsuicidal self-injury. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 56(3), 388-419.
Prinstein, M. J., Heilbron, N., Guerry, J. D., Franklin, J. C., Rancourt, D., Simon, V., & Spirito, A. (2010). Peer influence and nonsuicidal self injury: Longitudinal results in community and clinically-referred adolescent samples. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(5), 669-682.
Wilson, M. P., Castillo, E. M., Batey, A. M., Sapyta, J., & Aronson, S. (2010). Hepatitis C and depressive symptoms: Psychological and social factors matter more than liver injury. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 40(2), 199-215.
Barksdale, C., Walrath, C., Compton, J. S., & Goldston, D. B. (2009). Caregiver burden and suicide attempts: Are they related? Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 39,152-160.
Daniel, S., & Goldston, D. (2009). Interventions for suicidal youths: A review of the literature and developmental considerations. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 39, 252-268.
Daniel, S., Goldston, D., Erkanli, A., Franklin, J., & Mayfield, A. (2009). Trait anger, anger expression, and suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults: A prospective study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 661-671.
Goldston, D. B., Daniel, S. S., Erkanli, A., Reboussin, B. A., Mayfield, A., Frazier, P., & Treadway, S. L. (2009). Psychiatric disorders as contemporaneous risk factors for suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults: Developmental changes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 281-290.